WEDNESDAY OF JOB
The cycle of the Holy Week, although Job is not mentioned in this rite. There is an ancient oral tradition that links Job to Holy Wednesday and is called “The Wednesday of Job.” This oral tradition is supported by a manuscript tradition. In fact, some manuscripts contain a collection of homilies for the Holy Week including four homilies attributed to John Chrysostom.
Only a small allusion to this link survived in the excellent edition of the Euchologion, edited by Hegumen ‘Abd al Masih Salib al-Mas’udi al-Baramousi, mentioned in the Anaphora of St. Cyril: “The priest shall sing with the melody of Job which is the melody of sorrow.”
The melody of Job is not attested elsewhere, but the reference to “a melody of sorrow” makes one assume that this hymn, which has actually disappeared, was used for the recitation of the Book of Job for the Holy Week (for Holy Wednesday). It is important to mention that only the late manuscripts of the lectionary of the Holy Week dated in the 18th century contain a lesson from the Book of Job.
It seems that earlier to that date the whole Book of Job was read during Holy Wednesday; hence, there was no need to have prophecies from this book. This tradition is dated back to the sixth century as attested by the homilies of Leontius of Constantinople.