Timothy II

TIMOTHY II

A Saint and patriarch. He was the 26th Patriarch of Alexandria (457-477). He is commemorated on the seventh of Misra. He was commonly known as Timothy Aelurus. He became patriarch after the murder of the Chalcedonian Patriarch Proterius (451-457). He was deposed and exiled several times. Even during his exile, he remained the secret patriarch and the spiritual leader of the anti-Chalcedonian party. He was ordained first as priest by Cyril of Alexandria. He attended the Synod of Ephesus in 449 with Patriarch Dioscorus I.

He was then consecrated as patriarch by two of the great opponents of the Council of Chalcedon, Peter the Iberian and Eusebius of Pelusium. From the anti-Chalcedonian part of the world, he is considered as a great champion of orthodoxy. His major theological work against the two natures survived only in an Armenian translation. An abridged version of this important book is conserved in Syriac.

From this language we also have a collection of letters. The Coptic book of the History of the Patriarchs has a detailed chapter on him. There also exists a fragment of a Bohairic “Life” from the Monastery of St. Macarius. He is considered one of the great theologians of the anti-Chalcedonian Church of Egypt and the link between the theologians, especially Cyril of Alexandria and Severus of Antioch. Timothy played an important role in the reorganization of the Egyptian Church.

As mentioned, there are several works attributed to him in different languages, mainly Syriac, Armenian, and Greek; the Coptic tradition attributed several works to him. It is important to mention that it is hard to identify the author, for he is confused with his predecessor Timothy I of Alexandria. We have some fragments on the homily of the visit of the Holy Family to the site of Gebel al-Tayr. Another homily on the Archangel Michael is preserved in the British Museum and has a parallel in the collection of the Pierpont Morgan Library.

A Coptic book on the Angel Murial is preserved in a Sahidic manuscript in the British Library. In the seventh century, John of Parallus refuted this homily. There exists a homily on the consecration of the Church of St. Shenute. This homily was preserved in a manuscript from the same monastery and there exists a complete Arabic version.

GAWDAT GABRA

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