After the death of I (457-474), his two successors, Basilicus the Usurper (474-475) and Zeno (474-475, 476-491), intervened in the conflict between the supporters and the opponents of the of . In 468, an anti- delegation of Egyptian monks and sought to recall Aelurus, Bishop of Alexandria, who had been banished to Cherson. The attempt was successful and regained his seat after 16 years of exile.

A large number of bishops assembled in 476 in order to reverse the decisions of the of Chalcedon. The Coptic considers it a meeting rather than an ecumenical council. Several recommendations were addressed to the Emperor Basilicus but the restoration of in 476 prevented the application. returned to Alexandria, where he died in 477.