THIRD COUNCIL OF

A large synod of from the provinces of , Ephesus III was presided over by AELURUS in 476, on his way from to Alexandria, during the latter stages of the usurpation of Basiliscus (475-476). The convening of the synod was ’s final effort to gain the empire’s acceptance of the views of the see of Alexandria.

The council petition was not “Eutychian,” as has been suggested. It did, however, request Basiliscus to stand firm in his condemnation of the Tome of THE GREAT and the , as set out in the encyclical published the previous year. , it was declared, had caused “deaths and slaughters” and “the blood of the ,” and should remain condemned ( 3.5).

The council also asked Basiliscus to confirm its deposition of , the (471-489), and, in addition, to emphasize its opposition to the policy of the see of Constantinople. It also restored to Ephesus “patriarchal rights” (meaning the right to consecrate the bishops of the province of Asia), which had been lost to Constantinople under the terms of Canon 16 of Chalcedon. It also restored Bishop Paul, who had been deposed (perhaps by ), to the see of Ephesus.

The restoration of in August 476 rendered the decrees of the council invalid. By this time Timothy had returned to Alexandria, where he died under renewed threat of exile on 31 July 477.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Frend, W. H. C. The Rise of the Movement. Cambridge, 1979.
  • Hole, C. “Paulus (31).” In D.C.B. Vol. 4, p. 261. Repr. New York, 1974.
  • Simonetti, M. “Efesi.” In Dizionario patristico e di antichità cristiana, Vol. 1, pp. 1099-1103. Rome, 1983.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *