Part of the Psalmodia service. According to Abu al-Barakat ibn , in his encyclopedia The Lamp of Darkness for the Explanation of the Service, the compiler of the was a virtuous potter who became a monk in Scetis. He adds that some people consider St. Athanasius to be the author of the Theotokia. Some modern scholars such as G. Giamberardini and J. Muyser identified several resemblances between the homilies of Cyril of Alexandria during the of Ephesus and the Coptic Theotokia. The Theotokia in fact contains not only extracts from the Cyrillian homilies but also from those of of Cizicus, Theodotus of Ancyra, and especially Homily 67 of Severus of . The could be dated between the sixth and the eighth centuries.

The Antiphonarion of the Monastery of Hamuli preserved in the contains extracts from the for the consecration of the church at Qalamon. This is dated 892-893 a.d. The fragments from the Monastery of St. , preserved in the collection of the of Hamburg, contain the Theotokia, and can be dated to the 12th or 13th century. For editions, see the entry on Psalmodia.