Tall Atrib (Province Of Al-Qalyubiyyah)

TALL ATRIB (Province of al-Qalyubiyyah)

A monastery dedicated to the Virgin. It was situated at Atrib, on the northern boundary of Banha al-‘Asal. The fifteenth-century writer states that the monastery had been destroyed and that there were only three monks there.

The account of a miracle of the Virgin at Atrib during the caliphate of al-Ma’mun (813-833) describes the church. This text has been published in Graf (1944, Vol. 1, p. 255; Vol. 2, p. 489), and in al-La’ali’ al-Saniyyah f ial-Mayamir wa-al-‘Aja’ib al- Maryamiyyah (pp. 168-75).

The monastery, dependent on the see of Jerusalem, was destroyed by bedouin tribes about 866, at the same time as Saint Menas in the region of Mareotis, according to the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS, in the patriarchate of SHENUTE I (858-880).

The festival of the Virgin took place on 21 Ba’unah.

In 1967-1968 Polish archaeologists discovered the ruins of a church of the Virgin destroyed in the thirteenth century (Leclant, 1969, p. 251).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Atiya, A. S., ed. “Some Egyptian Monasteries According to the Unpublished MS of Al-Shabushti’s “Kitab al-Diyarat.'” Bulletin de la Société d’archéologie copte 5 (1939):1-28.
  • Al-La’ali’ al-Saniyyah fi al-Mayamir wa-al-‘Aja’ib al- Maryamiyyah. Cairo, 1966.
  • Leclant, J. “Fouilles et travaux en Egypte et au Soudan.” Orientalia 38 (1969):240-307.
  • Misa’il Bahr. Kanisat Atrib-Banha fi Jami‘ al-‘Usur, pp. 34-55. Alexandria, 1974.

RENÉ-GEORGES COQUIN

MAURICE MARTIN, S.J.

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