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Dayr Al-Muharraq

DAYR AL-MUHARRAQ الدير المحرق Nothing is known for certain about the date of the foundation of this monastery. A sermon attributed to the patriarch THEOPHILUS OF ALEXANDRIA (384-412) credits him with a vision of the Holy Virgin in which she revealed to him that the principal church of the monastery in the place where Mary …

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Dayr Anba Antuniyus

DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS دير أنبا أنطونيوس History The Monastery of Saint Antony is situated 30 miles (45 km) southwest of the Red Sea lighthouse of Ras Za’faranah (100 miles, or 290 km, from Cairo via Suez) at the foot of the south end of the Jalalah mountain range. After the death of Saint ANTONY, a …

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Marqos II (D. C. 1588)

MARQOS II (d. c. 1588) There is little information about this successor to Abuna Petros II in the Ethiopian documents, but the date of his arrival in the country is known. The chronicle of Sarsa Dengel reports that after the death of Abuna Yosab I, which occurred in the eighth year of Sarsa Dengel’s reign …

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Mariyyah The Copt

MARIYYAH THE COPT A Coptic consort of the Prophet Muhammad. Her story begins in A.D. 627 with the dispatch of letters from Muhammad to the rulers of the world, calling them to allegiance to Islam and its prophet as the messenger of Allah. Those letters included a special message addressed to al-Muqawqas, viceroy of Egypt, …

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Monastery Of The Metanoia

MONASTERY OF THE METANOIA The Alexandrian Monastery of the Metanoia (Penitence), also called the Monastery of Canopus or of the Tabennesiotes, played a prominent role in the religious history and the administrative life of Byzantine Egypt. One can merely catch a glimpse of this, for sources contain obscurities and contradictions. Origins No archaeological traces of …

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Ethiopian Heresies And Theological Controversies

ETHIOPIAN HERESIES AND THEOLOGICAL CONTROVERSIES Although isolated from the Christian world until the twentieth century, Ethiopia has had knowledge, and even followers, of the major heresies that caused schism and created ecclesiastical minorities in the early history of the Christian church. A letter from the emperor Constantius II (337-361) (Athanasius,1857, cols. 636-37) shows a reasonable …

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Jeremiah, Saint

JEREMIAH, SAINT Very little is known about this saint. It is plausible that the monastery at Saqqara had been placed under the patronage of a Jeremiah, to whom a particular holiness was attributed, whether or not he was its first superior. The chronicle of the bishop JOHN OF NIKIOU seems to speak of him, which …

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EIKOSTON One of the monasteries in the coastal strip separating Lake Mareotis from the sea, west of Alexandria. The site has not been located. Like the ENATON or the OKTOKAIDEKATON, it was so called from the number of milestones (in this case twenty) separating it from Alexandria (Raabe, 1895, pp. 64-65). According to R. Raabe, …

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