Zahir

Matthew I (1336-1408)

MATTHEW I (1336-1408) A Saint and patriarch (87th, 1378-1408). Matthew is perhaps the greatest of the late medieval Coptic popes, a saintly monk who, as patriarch, organized major charitable operations, cultivated good relations with the Mamluk Sultan al-Zahir Barquq (1381-1399), and strove to serve and stabilize a Coptic community that had been declining in numbers …

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Tubh

TUBH (Arabic, plural Tubuhat). This is a Coptic word meaning “pray for.” The Tubuhat were introduced as deacon’s responses in the liturgy or in the Holy Week (for the liturgies, see the Anaphora of St. Basil, St. Gregory, and St. Cyril). The Tubuhat of the morning service of the Holy Week was composed before the …

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