Yemen

Coinage In Egypt

COINAGE IN EGYPT Pre-Islamic Period In spite of its high level of civilization, Egypt lacked coinage until a relatively late date. The concept of coinage was probably introduced by Greeks, who were employed as mercenaries as early as the seventh century B.C. and later established as traders at Naucratis. After about 525 B.C., a series …

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Arab Conquest Of Egypt

ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT The conquest, under ‘Amr ibn al-‘As, was the last of the rapid series of victories in the years A.H. 13-19/A.D. 635-640 that had led the Arabs to overthrow the weakened Byzantine provinces of the Near East. The conquest of Egypt marked the virtual end of a rapid period of expansion, since …

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Timothy III

TIMOTHY III The thirty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (517-535) and the last ruler of an undivided Egyptian church. On the Emperor Justin’s accession in 518, the Chalcedonian faith was proclaimed in the Eastern empire generally, but Timothy was left in peace in a church and province loyal to its own orthodoxy. He …

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Justin I (C.450-527)

JUSTIN I (c.450-527) A byzantine emperor who worked for orthodoxy and the reunion of Rome and Constantinople. He was born about 450 in Bederiana (in modern Yugoslavia). Of peasant stock, he followed his father into the Roman army, fighting with distinction against the Isaurian rebels in 498, the Persians from 502 to 505, and the …

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Saint Theognosta

SAINT THEOGNOSTA A fifth-century virgin who introduced Christianity to Georgia (feast day: 17 Tut). (Caucasian Georgia). The legend of the conversion of Georgia to Christianity has in Coptic one of its most complex and impressive witnesses. But as often happens in Coptic sources, the legend, unrecognizable in the scattered Sahidic fragments, is not told in …

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Pseudo-Pisentius Of Qift

PSEUDO-PISENTIUS OF QIFT An apocalypse falsely attributed to Pisentius was circulated as being the pastoral letter of a bishop caring for his flock and near death. One part admonishes his flock to be steadfast in the faith and live a life worthy of a Christian. The other part gives prophecies of a future moral decline …

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Gabriel VII

GABRIEL VII The ninety-fifth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1525-1568). Gabriel VII was born about 1476 in Minshah or Manshiyyat Abu ‘A’ishah, near DAYR AL-MUHARRAQ, west of Al-Qusiyyah in the province of Asyut. He was known by the name of Ibn Muhanna. His father, the hegumenos Jirjis ibn Rufa’il, was the parish priest …

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John VI

JOHN VI Saint and seventy-fourth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1189-1216). John VI proved to be one of the most significant personalities to occupy the throne of Saint Mark since the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT. He was a layman by the name of Abu al- Majd ibn Abi Ghalib ibn Sawirus, and his …

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Abu Al-Makarim

ABU AL-MAKARIM Al-Shaykh al-Mu’taman Abu al-Makarim Sa‘d-Allah Jirjis ibn Mas‘ud was a priest of the Coptic church with the title of qummus (HEGUMENOS) who lived in the thirteenth century. He is best known as the author of the famous work entitled Tarikh al-Kana’is wa-al-Adyirah (History of Churches and Monasteries), which he is known to have …

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