WATUS

Watus

WATUS This is the tune to which hymns are sung on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays. The name is taken from the first Coptic word of the first verse of the Theotokia of Thursday, “The bush which Moses saw in the wilderness.” GAWDAT GABRA Tags: Liturgy, Culture

Tubh

TUBH An Egyptian Arabic term (plural tobhat) meaning “prayer,” from Coptic twbh (Tobh, pray, prayer). It is an ecclesiastical term used in the plural for the litany of intercessions in the midnight psalmody consisting of a listing of saints (Arabic, majma‘ al-qiddisin) and a series of prayers, each beginning with twbh mp[c (tobh amebshays), meaning …

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Watus

WATUS A Coptic chanting term, one of the two leading melody types in the music of the Coptic church. This melody type (lahn watus) receives its name from the opening words of the Thursday THEOTOKIA, which begins, “Pibatos . . .” (“The bush that Moses saw in the desert”). If the day is one of …

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Lahn (plural alhan)

LAHN (plural alhan) Arabic translation of Coptic /,oc, adopted from Greek ekhos, a term used in Coptic liturgical books and manuscripts to specify the music to be sung to a given text. Sometimes translated into English as “air,” “tone,” “melody,” or “mode,” it refers basically to either a certain melody or melody type that is …

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Lobsh

LOBSH An Arabic term (from Coptic lobs (lobsh), crown, consummation) used for the title of the final stanza in certain hymns. A lobsh serves as a conclusion for THEOTOKIA except on Sunday. The lobsh of the theotokia of Saturday has two sections known as the first and second SHARAH. The many lobsh of the theotokia …

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Coptic Music

COPTIC MUSIC  Description of the Corpus and Present Musical Practice The following remarks pertain only to the music of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Other Christian churches in Egypt (Greek Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Protestant, etc.) have their own musical practices. Coptic music, an expression of a proud and constant faith, still lives today among the Copts …

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Difnar

DIFNAR A collection of hymns for the whole year, commemorating the saints associated with each day of the month. One of these is sung in the service of the PSALMODIA that follows the office of COMPLINE, after the LOBSH of the THEOTOKIA of the day. But if it has already been sung in the same …

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Adam

ADAM A Coptic chanting term and one of the two leading melody types in the music of the Coptic Church. The other type is called WATUS. Coptic names have passed into the choir books of the Ethiopic church as well. The Adam melody (LAHN) receives its name from the first word of the first verse …

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