Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

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Anaphora Of St. Cyril

ANAPHORA OF ST. CYRIL The Anaphora of St. Mark (Cyril) is notable for several features that are peculiar to it among Eastern liturgies, differentiating it from the Syro-Byzantine type. These features suggest that the structure of prayer is of considerable antiquity. These features are as follows: The presence of an offering in the preface. The …

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THEOPHILUS A Saint and patriarch. He was the 23rd Patriarch of Alexandria (385-412). He is commemorated on the 18th of Babeh. He was patriarch from 385 to 412 a.d. and played a significant role in increasing the prestige of the See of Alexandria. He was highly educated and an effective dean of the Catechetical School …

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Council Of Nicaea

COUNCIL OF NICAEA Nicaea was where the First Ecumenical Council was held in 325 a.d. The council assembled at the order of Emperor Constantine to discuss several dogmatic points, including the Arian heresy. The emperor allowed the bishops to use the imperial post to travel to the city of Nicaea. The council also discussed several …

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Sentences Of Sextus (NHC XII, 1)

SENTENCES OF SEXTUS (NHC XII, 1) Fragments of a Coptic translation of a Christian collection of moral precepts composed in Greek in second-century Alexandria. Latin, Syriac, Georgian, and Armenian versions are also known. GAWDAT GABRA Tags: Books