Shenoute’s Place in the History of Monasticism

Shenoute’s Place in the History of Monasticism A LITTLE MORE than 1,500 years ago, inside the massive church whose ruined hulk has come to be known as the White Monastery (Arabic Dayr al-Abyad), on an occasion near the middle of the fifth century when the monastery’s longtime leader Shenoute was about one hundred years old, […]

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Biblical Manuscripts of the Monastery of St. Shenoute the Archimandrite

Biblical Manuscripts of the Monastery of St. Shenoute the Archimandrite THIS CHAPTER WILL deal primarily with the survey of the published biblical manuscripts that came from the library of the Monastery of St. Shenoute. In addition to the history and the state of research on the subject, I will include brief comments on the extent […]

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Sporadic Dialect

SPORADIC DIALECT A “sporadic dialect” is any dialect attested by one or more texts that, while certainly idiolectal, are of a “transparent” IDIOLECT, allowing one to see clearly the greater part of the essential dialectal characteristics of the idiom; however, throughout the document(s), these characteristics are rivaled by those of another dialect that is continually […]

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Clement Caraccioli

CLEMENT CARACCIOLI A scribe of four Arabic manuscripts copied in Rome between 1712 and 1715. One of them (Vatican Library, Arabic 66) gives some autobiographical details (fol. 100) where the copyist wrote in Italian: “I Clement Caraccioli of Great Cairo, converted from Mohammedanism to the holy Catholic faith, wrote this blessed book in the Arabic […]

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Fasting

FASTING The first references concerning fasting in the Coptic Church are the paschal letters of St. Athanasius from the beginning of the fourth century, wherein Athanasius introduced the date of the Holy Lent. This tradition was continued by his successors such as Theophilus and Cyril. In all these documents, mention is made of Lent and […]

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Yusuf Al-Qibti (17th C.)

YUSUF AL-QIBTI (17th c.) A Copt and one of the few Egyptians who had cultural contacts with Europe in modern times before Napoleon Bonaparte’s expedition and the reign of Mohammed Ali (1805-1848). He expressed his wish to Pope Urban III (1623-1644) to join the Vatican Library as a scriptor to correct the proofs printed in […]

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Symbols In Coptic Art

SYMBOLS IN COPTIC ART Alpha and Omega Alpha and omega (A and W) are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. In Middle Eastern astrology, they are related to the cosmos, the signs of the zodiac, and the twenty-four hours of the day. In Egyptian alchemy they are linked to the good genius, […]

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Arabic Tradition Of Catena

ARABIC TRADITION OF CATENA The Monophysite Coptic chain of the four Gospels has been preserved in full in a series of Arabic manuscripts. F. J. Caubet-Iturbe has edited the part that concerns the Gospel of Matthew from nine Arabic manuscripts (Vatican Library, Arabic 452 [1214], 410 [thirteenth to fourteenth century], 411 [fourteenth century]; Göttingen, Arabic […]

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Stephen The Theban

STEPHEN THE THEBAN A monk. Nothing is known about Stephen the Theban other than that he was a monk. His literary heritage has been transmitted to us in Greek, Arabic, and Georgian, and not in Coptic or any other language. The Greek tradition, according to the research carried out by Jean Darrouzes, attributes three works […]

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Butrus Al-Sidmanti

BUTRUS AL-SIDMANTI A monastic writer in Arabic during the eleventh century. But<rus came from the village ofSidmant in the district of Bani Suef. The village is known as Sidmant al-Jabal; E. AMÉLINEAU records it as Posotoment. The precise dates of birth and death of Butrus are unknown beyond the fact that he lived around the […]

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