The east wall of the central altar room. In the niche, Christ enthroned and the Virgin with Child and archangels. To the left, the lower part of Abraham's Sacrifice; to the right the Meeting of Abraham and Melchizedek. Six apostles are painted below.

The Monastery of al-Baramus (WADI AL-NATRUN)

The Monastery of al-Baramus (WADI AL-NATRUN) The name Baramus contains the Coptic romaios, the one of the Roman(s).’ According to Coptic tradition, these Romans are the fourth-century princes Maximus and Domitius, sons of the Emperor Valentinian I. They lived in Wadi al-Natrun under the spiritual guidance of St. Macarius the Great who, after their death, …

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HERACLEON A pupil of Valentinus the Gnostic who was active during the mid-second century. He was referred to by Clement of Alexandria as “the most esteemed member of the school of Valentinus.” He wrote an important commentary on the Gospel of John that was excerpted by Origen in his own commentary on John. Although he …

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VALENTINUS A Christian Gnostic teacher active in Alexandria in the early second century. Born in the Egyptian Delta, he was educated in Alexandria. He is reported by Irenaeus to have adapted the teachings of the Gnostic sect in creating his own system, which conformed to a greater degree to traditional Christian doctrine. Around 140 he …

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Dayr Al-Baramus

DAYR AL-BARAMUS History This monastery is farthest to the northwest in the monastic colony of Wadi al-Natrun (ancient Scetis). The topographic allusions in ancient literature lend some credence to the statement by the author of the Coptic Life of Saint Macarius (probably of the eighth century; cf. Guillaumont, 1968-1969, pp. 182-83) that Dayr al-Baramus evolved …

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THEODOTUS A pupil of Valentinus the Gnostic who was active during the mid-second century. Some of his writings were excerpted by Clement of Alexandria, including an account of the Valentinian myth close to that of another Valentinian teacher, Ptolemy. Nothing is known of his life, but it is likely that Theodotus taught in Alexandria. GAWDAT …

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Valentinian Exposition (NHC XI, 2)

VALENTINIAN EXPOSITION (NHC XI, 2) A Valentinian Gnostic exposition of cosmogony, anthropogony, soteriology, and eschatology resembling that attributed to Valentinian teachers by the Church Fathers. No title is given in the manuscript, which is in fragmentary condition; the title currently used has been editorially assigned on the basis of content. The exposition is followed by …

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