Umayyad caliphs

Alexander II

ALEXANDER II The forty-third patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (705-730). Little is known about his early life as a layman before he took the monastic vow at ENATON in the region of Mareotis west of Alexandria. There he became well known for his chastity, sanctity, and religious scholarship. After the death of his …

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Isaac The Deacon

ISAAC THE DEACON Seventh-century biographer of the fortieth patriarch of Alexandria, JOHN III. He was born in Samannud (Sebennytus), a city dating from dynastic times that still exists on the left bank of the Damietta branch of the Nile in Gharbiyyah Province. Isaac appears in the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS by Sawirus ibn al-Muqaffa‘ as …

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