Umayyad caliph

Conversion To Islam

CONVERSION TO ISLAM After the Arab conquest of Egypt (640-642), the bulk of the Egyptians remained Christian in the first two centuries of Islamic rule. By the beginning of the third century of Arab occupation, however, the resistance of the Copts was broken and their economic status was dramatically weakened because of the financial burdens …

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Victor

VICTOR The abbot of the Enaton, listed in the SYNAXARION as the author of two “histories of monks” at 7 Tubah (recension from Upper Egypt) and 14 Tubah (recension from Lower Egypt). He is probably the author of the narratives of monastic history celebrated in the Middle Ages, from which the author(s) of the two …

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Arsenal Of Tunis

ARSENAL OF TUNIS Soon after Hasan ibn Nu‘man, the Umayyad governor of Ifriqiyyah (modern Tunisia), captured Carthage (A.D. 698), he began to build a city at the head of Lake Tunis in what was an ideal location for a marine arsenal. By approximately 700 the Umayyad caliph ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan had ordered Hasan to …

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Coptic Contribution To Umayyad Fleet

COPTIC CONTRIBUTION TO UMAYYAD FLEET Arabic, Greek, and Coptic documents from the Umayyad period (661-750) indicate the contribution of Christian Egyptians, including Copts, in the building and the manning of the Muslim fleet. The extent of this participation is unclear, since these documents contain sparse and fragmentary information, and are insufficient for a thorough study …

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Dayr Abirun

DAYR ABIRUN On the testimony of ABU SALIH THE ARMENIAN, who is the only one to mention it (fol. 92; 1895, p. 257), a monastery in the district of Busir Quridus (an abbreviation of Dioscurides), today called Busir al-Malaq, on the left bank of the Nile, at the same latitude as DAYR AL-MAYMUN. The name …

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Abusir Al-Malaq

ABUSIR AL-MALAQ A town located between the Nile and the Fayyum in the province of Bani Suef. It was known in Greek as Busiris and in earlier Arabic literature as Busir Quridis (M. Ramzi, 1960). As evidenced by archaeological finds from the earliest period of Egyptian history, Abusir al-Malaq has a very long history. It …

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