U. Monneret de Villard

Theban Hermitages

THEBAN HERMITAGES Many Christian sites on the left bank of the Nile opposite Luxor cannot be definitely labeled genuine monasteries, although the local inhabitants use the name dayr (monastery). What we know of these hermitages follows. In the Valley of the Kings, several celebrated tombs preserve vestiges of their occupation by hermits. We may cite …

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Atris

ATRIS A village on the left bank of the Rosetta branch of the Nile, in the markaz (district) of Imbabah, Minufiyyah, not far from Bani Salamah, 45 miles (73 km) northwest of Cairo. The existence of a monastery in or near this village is attested by the Chronicle of JOHN OF NIKIOU (second half of …

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Tamit

TAMIT The name given in modern times to the ruins of a medieval Nubian village situated on the west bank of the Nile a few miles north of the Abu Simbel temples. The ancient name of the place is nowhere recorded, for it was not large or important enough to figure in any written accounts. …

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Qurnat Mar‘I

QURNAT MAR‘I. History Qurnat Mar‘i is the name of ruins of a small hermitage built over an ancient tomb of a late period. It is on the north slope of the hill called Mar‘i, from the name of a Muslim saint buried on the summit, on the left bank of the Nile opposite Luxor. There …

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Nubian Church Art

NUBIAN CHURCH ART Decoration in the earliest Nubian churches seems to have been confined to the use of sculptured capitals, lintels, and cornices of stone and of wood. Very few of these have survived intact, for after the eighth century such features were generally discarded. The specimens that have been preserved are fairly typical of …

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Ahnas

AHNAS (Ihnas al Madinah, Ihnasyah al-Madinah, Byzantine Herakleopolis) Settlement on the site of pharaonic Nn-nswt, Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine Herakleopolis. The Coptic and Arabic names go back to Egyptian Hwt-nn-nswt, Hnn-nswt, the Greek name comes from the identification of Hrj-š.f (Herishef, Greek Harsaphes), the town’s ram-headed local deity, with Heracles (Herishef was also identified with …

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Painting from the Abdallah Nirqi church, Nubia. It shows a theophany as well as a bishop.

Abdallah Nirqi

ABDALLAH NIRQI The site of a medieval town and cemetery located in Egyptian Nubia on the west bank of the Nile, about 4 miles (6 km) to the east of the temple of Abu Simbel, now under the water of Lake Nasser. The name means “place of ‘Abdallah,” after the name of a local farmer …

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