Nag Hammadi Codices

NAG HAMMADI CODICES A group of 12 papyrus codices plus eight leaves dating from the fourth century and inscribed in Coptic. The manuscripts were discovered in a buried storage jar by fellahin (farmers) in 1945 some 10 kilometers from Nag Hammadi, and are now housed in the Coptic Museum in Old Cairo. Publication of the …

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Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5)

TRIPARTITE TRACTATE (NHC I, 5) A lengthy theological treatise divided into three parts (divisions indicated by scribal decorations) for which no title is preserved in the manuscript. Tripartite Tractate contains a comparatively late, highly developed Valentinian Gnostic system, somewhat comparable in its arrangement to Origen‘s treatise On First Principles. The first part deals with the …

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BASHMURIC The history of the Bashmuric dialect is in large measure that of a “phantom dialect.” Coptic Egypt had many more dialects than modern science has been able to identify from the texts discovered; but some of these never reached the literary stage. Others did (perhaps poorly enough), but none of their witnesses has been …

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