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Theopistus Of Alexandria

THEOPISTUS OF ALEXANDRIA Theopistus accompanied DIOSCORUS I of Alexandria (444-458) to the Council of CHALCEDON. After Dioscorus was sentenced to exile in Gangra, Theopistus went to the Pentapolis where he wrote an account of the events of the council, challenging its decisions. He is named in the Panegyric of Macarius of Tkow, which is attributed …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Bilad

BILAD A town in Egypt, the location of which is now unknown. The SYNAXARION, under the commemoration of the martyr Anba Bajush on 26 Tubah, states that Bajush, a wealthy man, was from a place to the north of Bilad. Arianus, the Byzantine governor in Antinoopolis, interrogated and tortured Bajush, who was eventually martyred near …

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Assumption

ASSUMPTION The taking up of Mary into heaven. The calendar of feasts of the Coptic Church celebrates the death of the Virgin Mother of God and the ascension of her soul into heaven on 21 Tubah. The metamorphosis or conveyance of her body into heaven is placed on 16 Misra. There is thus a 206-day …

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Coptic Saints

COPTIC SAINTS Holy men and women recognized in Egypt who died peacefully, as distinguished from MARTYRS, also saints, who met a violent end. The saints continued to reflect their faith throughout their lives, leaving behind them information that could help posterity record their labors for Christianity. Any listing of saints is an infinitesimal fraction of …

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Harmina, Saint

HARMINA, SAINT A wondering monk (feastday: 2 Kiyakh). Harmina was a native of the province of OXYRHYNCHUS (al-Bahnasa), and the son of Christian parents. When he was an adolescent and watching his parents’ flocks, the apostles John and Peter appeared to him to invite him to embrace the monastic life. Following them, he went up …

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Hagiography, Coptic

HAGIOGRAPHY, COPTIC The writing about the saints of the Coptic church. Many religions venerate saints and so have produced a vast literature around them. Best known in the West is the monumental Acta Sanctorum (Lives of the Saints), compiled by the Society of Bollandists, a group of Jesuit scholars, beginning in the seventeenth century and …

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Paphnutius

PAPHNUTIUS A fifth-century  archimandrite of Tabennese. Paphnutius succeeded Victor as abbot general of the Tabennesiotes (Van Lantschoot, p. 20, n. 24), and preceded Martyrius. He visited Patriarch Dioscorus, exiled in Gangra (Nau, 1903, p. 297), and obtained a miracle from the patriarch, who healed a paralytic. Paphnutius’ tenure of office must have been fairly short. …

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