Full Of Grace

FULL OF GRACE Mystery of Rejoice: On the Annunciation the angel Gabriel greeted St. Mary with the words: “Hail full of grace, the Lord is within you, blessed are you among women”. It was not an ordinary greeting, i.e., “Good Day”, nor did it mean “peace” or “shalom”, but had the full meaning of “rejoice”. …

Full Of Grace Read More »

The east wall of the central altar room. In the niche, Christ enthroned and the Virgin with Child and archangels. To the left, the lower part of Abraham's Sacrifice; to the right the Meeting of Abraham and Melchizedek. Six apostles are painted below.

The Monastery of al-Baramus (WADI AL-NATRUN)

The Monastery of al-Baramus (WADI AL-NATRUN) The name Baramus contains the Coptic romaios, the one of the Roman(s).’ According to Coptic tradition, these Romans are the fourth-century princes Maximus and Domitius, sons of the Emperor Valentinian I. They lived in Wadi al-Natrun under the spiritual guidance of St. Macarius the Great who, after their death, …

The Monastery of al-Baramus (WADI AL-NATRUN) Read More »


CROSS-IN-SQUARE Also called quincunx, the most important type of church building of the middle and late Byzantine periods of the Byzantine empire. It characteristically consists of an approximately square room, the naos, from which is cut out an internal cross-shaped unit by erecting four columns at the center and joining them by means of arches …

Cross-In-Square Read More »

Christian Subjects In Coptic Art

CHRISTIAN SUBJECTS IN COPTIC ART Whatever its materials and techniques—stone or wood relief sculpture, painted walls or manuscripts, textiles, metalwork, ceramics, or glass—Coptic Christian iconography retained a few rare elements of pharaonic origin and many Greco-Roman elements from Alexandrian tradition. From the fifth century on, these pagan subjects mingled with Christian motifs. The Christian subjects …

Christian Subjects In Coptic Art Read More »

Church Art

CHURCH ART In Coptic churches, the apse rounds the haykal (sanctuary) off at the east, the direction the Christian faces to pray. For this reason the apse was one of the first parts of the church building to be decorated, and its iconography had specific requirements, partly inspired by the liturgy itself. Although a complete …

Church Art Read More »