THEOFRIED BAUMEISTER

Cyprian The Magician

CYPRIAN THE MAGICIAN The legend of Cyprian the Magician (perhaps mid-fourth century with further development at a later period) tells how a young man in Antioch approaches Cyprian so that with magic he can win the love of the Christian virgin Justina. But all the magical arts are frustrated by prayer and by the sign …

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Saint Serapion

SAINT SERAPION A martyr from Lower Egypt (feast day: 27 Tubah). The legend that tells of the martyrdom of Serapion (Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis 1048, ed. Balestri and Hyvernat, 1955, 1960) belongs to the type of martyrologies predominant in Egypt. There are rescues among a multitude of tortures, miracles, and promises for the cult center in …

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Apostolic Fathers

APOSTOLIC FATHERS The designation “apostolic fathers” goes back to J. B. Cotelier, who in 1672 published a two-volume edition of the Sanctorum patrum qui temporibus apostolicis floruerunt. Since then it has been usual to group under the name of Patres apostolici certain early Christian writers who were regarded as disciples of the apostles, still belonging …

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TIL, or Apa Til or Apatil

TIL, or Apa Til or Apatil A third-century martyr dealt with in a legend (Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis 75/76) in the style of the type of martyr’s life predominant in Egypt. According to the legend, Til was a soldier in the camp at Babylon. In the persecution of DIOCLETIAN, he was sent by ARIANUS after unsuccessful …

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Saint Arianus

SAINT ARIANUS (feast day: 8 Baramhat), fourth-century prefect of the Thebaid and portrayed in many Egyptian martyr legends as a bitter persecutor of the Christians, who later converted and became a martyr himself. In view of the novel character of these texts, one might think that Arianus, too, was an invention of their authors. However, …

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Hermas

HERMAS A second-century Roman author of The Shepherd, an apocalyptic work that is a call to repentance. He is included among the apostolic fathers. The Greek original has not come down complete. Alongside relatively small papyrus fragments, mention should be made of the CODEX SINAITICUS, an Athos Codex, and a papyrus at the University of …

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Panine And Paneu

PANINE AND PANEU A legendary saints and objects of a ninth-century cult. The surviving portions of this attractive legend were edited from the remains of two codices of the White Monastery (DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH) by G. Zoega (1810), C. Wessely (1917), W. Till (1935), and T. Orlandi (1978). To his edition, Till added a German …

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Panesneu, Saint

PANESNEU, SAINT A martyr whose story is typical of the legends of the martyrs that predominated in Egypt. The surviving text begins with the trial before Culcianus in which Panesneu presents himself as a deacon from Pakierkie near Pemche (Oxyrhynchus). A folio (now in Vienna) ends with the martyr declaring his readiness to make a …

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