The Period of the CYCLES

Saint Lacaron

SAINT LACARON A martyr in fourth-century Egypt (feast day: 14 Babah). His Passion has come down in a complete codex in Bohairic in the Vatican Library (Coptic 68, fols. 1-15) (Balestri and Hyvernat, 1908, Vol. 1, pp. 1-23). The text is that of one of the late Coptic Passions from the period of the CYCLES …

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Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

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Basil Of Oxyrhynchus

BASIL OF OXYRHYNCHUS A sixth-century author of the homily In Honor of Longinus (hegumenos of ENATON), found complete in a codex now in New York (Pierpont Morgan Library, M 579, fols. 103-110, unpublished). According to the title of the homily, Basil was bishop of Pemje (Oxyrhynchus). He delivered the homily on the occasion of the …

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Theodosius Of Jerusalem

THEODOSIUS OF JERUSALEM A fifth century bishop of Jerusalem who was exiled. He was the opponent of Juvenal of Jerusalem after the Council of CHALCEDON; head of the side opposed to the decisions of the council, he was bishop of Jerusalem between 451 and 453, when Juvenal was forcibly restored by Marcian (Frend, 1972, pp. …

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Archelaus Of Neapolis

ARCHELAUS OF NEAPOLIS An imaginary figure invented by the Coptic authors of the period of the CYCLES. Various homilies are attributed to him. Information on his fictional personality can be drawn only from the content of his homilies, and his mention in the Coptic-Arabic SYNAXARION on 22 Kiyahk also derives from one of these. He …

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Anastasius Of Eucaita

ANASTASIUS OF EUCAITA A fictitious character invented in the Period of the CYCLES (eighth century), in relation to the legends concerning the martyr THEODORUS STRATELATES, who was from Eucaita. Anastasius is said to have been bishop of Eucaita, the successor of a certain Sukianus, and it is stated that he composed an encomium in honor …

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Pisura, Saint

PISURA, SAINT Martyr under Diocletian, (feast day: 9 Tut). The text of his Passion is preserved in Bohairic (Vatican Library, Coptic 60, fols. 1-85, ed. Hyvernat, 1886-1887), which is mutilated at the beginning. The beginning, however, can be reconstructed from the summary found in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION. According to the Synaxarion, Pisura was bishop of …

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Saint Olympius

SAINT OLYMPIUS A physician of Nicomedia (modern Izmir, Turkey), who was martyred in Egypt under DIOCLETIAN. His name is not found in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION, and since the Coptic texts that mention him are also fragmentary, the day he was commemorated is not known. Two Coptic texts concern him: his Passion, now in six fragments …

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Eustathius Of Thrace

EUSTATHIUS OF THRACE A fictitious personage created during the period of the CYCLES; he appears in particular in the Cycle of JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, exiled on the “island of Thrace,” thus identifying him with an imaginary island, for Thrace was no island. There, John consecrates the first bishop of the new community, named as Antimus in …

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