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TEXTILE - Page 3 of 4 - Coptic Wiki

TEXTILE

Ernst Kühnel (1882-1964)

ERNST KÜHNEL (1882-1964) A German scholar. He was director of the Islamic Department of the Berlin Museum (1931-1951); professor at the University of Berlin (1935-1954); consultant to the Textile Museum in Washington, D.C.; and member of many academies. He worked in all branches of Islamic art, notably on the connection between Coptic and Islamic art, …

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Coptic Textiles

COPTIC TEXTILES [Throughout their long history, Egyptians have practiced the art of weaving. The Coptic period has yielded enormous numbers of textiles displayed in many museums and private collections all over the world. These textiles have come mainly from archaeological excavations of burial grounds and akwam (mounds containing antique objects). The pieces attest a variety …

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Greek Language

GREEK LANGUAGE Between Greeks and Egyptians, contacts of essentially commercial nature are attested for the Mycenaean period (c. 1580-1100 B.C.) and the ninth-eighth century B.C. Unambiguous evidence for Greek presence in Egypt is available from the seventh century B.C. on. Psammetichos I (664-610 B.C.) gave the Ionian and Carian mercenaries (the “bronze men” of Herodotus …

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Qus

QUS A town known in the era of the pharaohs as Ksa or Ksi. From the Greek period onward (third century B.C.) it was known as Apollinopolis Parva. It evolved by taking advantage of the activities of QIFT, which the Greek kings had made the starting point for roads linking the Nile Valley and the …

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Glass, Coptic

COPTIC GLASS The glass of the Coptic period—third to twelfth centuries—was the heir to a long tradition of glassmaking in Egypt. While Coptic glass exhibited some regional variations, it did not differ substantially from glass in neighboring areas. Glass was manufactured in Egypt from about 1500 B.C.; it reached its acme of beauty in the …

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Metrology, Coptic

METROLOGY, COPTIC In stone and textile workshops, Coptic craftsmen probably used sample books with favorite patterns and wooden stencils in order to reproduce certain patterns many times. Both samples and stencils require a general system of measurements, and stonemasons ordered their quarry blocks according to standard sizes. Some measurements are taken from third- to ninth-century …

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Nubian Textiles

NUBIAN TEXTILES The famous Coptic textiles of Egypt, with their elaborate woven patterns taken from Christian and classical themes, were not made in Nubia. In the earliest part of the medieval period, when Egypt was still weaving with flax and wool, the Nubians were using cotton almost exclusively. Cotton made its appearance in Nubia sometime …

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