Tasi

CYRIL IV

CYRIL IV The 110th Patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1854-1861). He was born Dawud Tumas Bashut in 1816 at Naj‘ Abu Zaqali, near Akhmim in Upper Egypt. At the age of twenty-two he entered St. Antony’s monastery (DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS), becoming its abbot at the age of twenty-four by virtue of his good …

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Philosophy

PHILUTHAWUS IBRAHIM AL-BAGHDADI (1837-1904) An Egyptian clergyman. He was born in Tanta, capital of the Gharbiyyah Province in the Delta, and received his early education in Coptic schools. He then worked as a clerk while learning Italian, which was then the language of commerce. He joined public service for two years in the province of …

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Malati Yusuf

MALATI YUSUF Originally the administrative assistant of the bey Ayyub the Defterdar (accountant general), one of the later Mamluk amirs of the powerful party of the bey Muhammad Abu al-Dhahab, prior to the French Expedition. Malati Yusuf became better known under French rule. When the French were established in the country, they organized the administration …

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Mark VIII

MARK VIII The 108th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1796-1809). He was able to steer the affairs of the Coptic church and the Coptic community with great wisdom and much diplomacy during the momentous events of the French Expedition (1798) and the French occupation of Egypt. He was still pope of the Coptic …

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Mikha’il ‘Abd-Al-Sayyid

MIKHA’IL ‘ABD-AL-SAYYID The noted nineteenth-century teacher of English in the Coptic College founded by CYRIL IV. He is one of three Copts who under concealed identity were admitted to al-Azhar, the oldest Islamic university in Cairo. There he studied Arabic language and literature. More significant in his career was his founding in 1877 of the …

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Muhammad ‘Ali Dynasty

MUHAMMAD ‘ALI DYNASTY A family that ruled Egypt for about a century and a half (1805-1952). The following is a brief survey of the line of succession, with particular reference to the role played by the Copts during the time of each ruler. Dates refer to the years of their accession and demise or abdication. …

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Ilyas Buqtur (1784-1821)

ILYAS BUQTUR (1784-1821) Learned Copt associated with Napoleon Bonaparte’s French Expedition to Egypt, who produced the first Arabic-French dictionary. Ilyas Buqtur, known in French sources as Ellious Bochtor, was born into a highly respected family in Asyut on 12 April 1784. His parents noticed his intellectual tendencies and provided a good early education. In 1801 …

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Akhmim

AKHMIM A city on the right bank of the Nile, about 250 miles (467 km) south of Cairo. In Byzantine times Akhmim was known as Panopolis. It remains today the chief town of the province of Suhaj. Akhmim is the name of pharaonic times (Chemmis) clothed in Arabic. Monasteries Pachomian Establishments The Greek and Coptic …

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