Syrians

Athanasius (1923-2000)

ATHANASIUS (1923-2000) A Bishop and educator. He was born in the city of al-Mahalla al-Kubra in the Delta. He obtained a bachelor’s degree in English literature from Cairo University in 1944, and in 1952 received a diploma of psychology from the American University in Cairo. He also obtained a diploma in divinity from the Clerical …

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Wadi Al-Natrun

WADI AL-NATRUN It is the most significant monastic center in Egypt. Wadi al-Natrun is a desert depression extending about 50 kilometers long that runs southeast to northwest and lies in the Libyan Desert about 90 kilometers northwest of Cairo. The site has been known by many names: Scetis, Shiet, Shihat al-Isqit, and Wadi Habib. About …

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Cyril VI (1902-1971)

CYRIL VI (1902-1971) A Patriarch and saint. He was the 116th patriarch of the Coptic Church (1959-1971). He was born ‘Azir Yousseef ‘Ata in 1902 at the village of Tukh al Nasara in Lower Egypt. He played a large role in the renaissance of the Coptic Church. He joined the Monastery of al-Baramous in Wadi …

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Monastery Of St. Antony

MONASTERY OF ST. ANTONY It is located at the foot of the Wadi Araba near the Red Sea. The monastery is named after the famous figure of monasticism, St. Antony. Probably in the second half of the fourth century a monastic community gathered around the site where the saint lived. Historian Sulpicius Severus (ca. 360-420) …

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Monastery Of The Syrians

MONASTERY OF THE SYRIANS Built in the sixth century in Wadi al-Natrun as a result of a schism caused by Theodosian monks, who left the neighboring Monastery of St. Pshoi. By the second half of the ninth century, the monastery was simultaneously inhabited both by Syrian monks and Coptic monks. One of its most important …

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Egyptian Monasticism

EGYPTIAN MONASTICISM Christian monasticism is a distinctive form of spiritual discipline that seems to have been originated in Egypt. St. Antony, the “father of the monks,” is usually regarded as its founder. As a youth of about 18 years old, he responded to a gospel reading (Matt. 19; 21), began his hermitic life as a …

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Psalis

PSALIS The psalis are hymns recited before the Odes and the Theotokia. The psalis could be sung with the Adam tune or with the Batos tune. There are several types of psalis. The first and most ancient type is the psalis “My Lord Jesus Christ” that could date prior to the eighth century. Some of …

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Shenouda III

SHENOUDA III  A Monk, bishop, teacher, writer, politician, and 117th patriarch of the Coptic Church (1971-). He was born Nazir Gayed in Assiut. He played a great role in the renaissance of the Coptic Church. He studied history and graduated from Cairo University in 1947 and from the Clerical College in 1949. He served as …

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