Summa Theologica

Timothy II Aelurus

TIMOTHY II AELURUS The twenty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (457-477). Along with Philoxenus of Mabbug and SEVERUS OF ANTIOCH, Timothy was the preeminent champion of MONOPHYSITISM. He adhered to CYRIL’S well-known formula “one incarnate nature of the divine Logos” and took up DIOSCORUS’ cause when the latter was deposed at CHALCEDON. Consecrated …

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Majmu‘ Usul Al-Din

MAJMU‘ USUL AL-DIN (Compendium of the Fundamentals of Religion) A Coptic summa theologica in five parts and seventy chapters, written by al-MU’TAMAN ABU ISHAQ IBRAHIM IBN AL-‘ASSAL somewhat before 1260. According to G. Graf (1947) it has a compact, systematic structure and omits church historical material. The introduction has an exposition of the aim and …

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Mikha’il Al-Bahrawi

MIKHA’IL AL-BAHRAWI (or al-Nahrawi, since the manuscript has no diacritical point), Known only as the owner of the oldest and finest manuscript of the Summa Theologica (known as Majmu‘ Usul al-Din; Vatican Library, Arabic 103); written by Mu’taman al-Dawlah ibn al-‘Assal (chaps. 1-21 only), copied in Egypt during the author’s lifetime. An unpublished autograph note …

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Abu Nasr Ibn Harun Ibn ‘Abd Al-Masih

ABU NASR IBN HARUN IBN ‘ABD AL-MASIH A thirteenth-century Coptic copyist whose handwriting was fine, clear, careful, and regular; the texts he copied are pleasantly spaced. Two manuscripts, now united in the Vatican Library (Arabic manuscript 103), provide information about him. The first (fol. 1-234/7-240 of the original Coptic numbering) contains the first volume (chapters …

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