Suez Canal

Jean Cledat

JEAN CLEDAT (Périgueux, France, 7 May 1872-Bouch [Dordogne], France, 29 July 1943), French Egyptologist and Coptologist. He acquired a solid grounding in Paris (including the Ecole des Beaux Arts) and, in 1898 and 1899, published his first studies in Egyptology and Coptology that dealt with both the texts and the archaeology. Clédat arrived in Egypt …

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Franciscans In Egypt

FRANCISCANS IN EGYPT The history of the Franciscans in Egypt goes back to 1219 when Saint Francis met Sultan al-Malik al- Kamil (1218-1238) near the city of Damietta. Francis had gone to Damietta with the Crusaders, but with the aim of spreading the message of peace proclaimed by Jesus Christ. For a few years, he …

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Metropolitan Sees

METROPOLITAN SEES The ancient privileges of the See of Alexandria, as confirmed by the sixth canon of the Council of NICAEA (325), placed the provinces of Egypt, Libya, and the Pentapolis in Cyrenaica under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Alexandria, although these provinces had their own metropolitans. Ancient and Medieval Times The Metropolitan See …

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Copts In Modern Egypt

COPTS IN MODERN EGYPT Following the withdrawal of the French in 1801, Copts fell on bad times, as they were adherents of the same religion as the departing enemy. Conditions improved four years later with the emergence of MUHAMMAD ‘ALI in 1805, to whom the Copts proved indispensable in carrying out his reform plans, thus …

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Muhammad ‘Ali Dynasty

MUHAMMAD ‘ALI DYNASTY A family that ruled Egypt for about a century and a half (1805-1952). The following is a brief survey of the line of succession, with particular reference to the role played by the Copts during the time of each ruler. Dates refer to the years of their accession and demise or abdication. …

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