Sion

The Role of the Female Elder in Shenoute’s White Monastery

The Role of the Female Elder in Shenoute’s White Monastery[1] THE WHITE MONASTERY in the fourth and fifth centuries consisted of dif­ferent communities, or congregations. They were separated physically but united under one set of monastic rules and one main monastic leader, at least during the tenure of its third head, Shenoute. One of these …

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Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Panopolitan Region between Lykopolis and Nag Hammadi

Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Panopolitan Region between Lykopolis and Nag Hammadi TO DEAL WITH the religious movements of Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the area of Sohag presents a good many problems and raises several ques­tions that will perhaps never be answered. This fact depends on our lack of evidence concerning these two strong ‘enemies’ …

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Bawit in the Twenty-first Century: Bibliography 1997-2014

Bawit in the Twenty-first Century: Bibliography 1997-2014 Since the rediscovery of the Bawit monastery in 1900, numerous investigations have covered diverse fields of research. Marie-Helene Rutschowscaya established a bibliography of the main titles, following the chronological order of publication: Rutschowscaya, M.-H. 1995. “Le monastere de Baouit. Etat des publica­tions.” In C. Fluck, L. Langener, S. …

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Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla

Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla The aim of this study is to correct the common notion that the architec­tural design of the typical Coptic Orthodox church either has a cruciform plan or is in the form of Noah’s Ark, which reflects a lack of awareness and lack of study …

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