Sauneron

Psoï

PSOÏ The Coptic name of the town that was known in Greek as Ptolemais Hermiou (so named by the pharaoh Ptolemy I) and called al-Minshah today. The town is located on the west bank of the Nile in Upper Egypt some 7 miles (11 km) south of Akhmim. In the Roman and the Byzantine periods, …

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Qurnat Mar‘I

QURNAT MAR‘I. History Qurnat Mar‘i is the name of ruins of a small hermitage built over an ancient tomb of a late period. It is on the north slope of the hill called Mar‘i, from the name of a Muslim saint buried on the summit, on the left bank of the Nile opposite Luxor. There …

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Hor

HOR An obscure fifth-sixth-century holy person who was the companion of Ambrosius (feast day: 23 Tubah). Several Coptic inscriptions from DAYR APA JEREMIAH at Saqqara mention him, always in the company of Ambrosius, a person of whom we know nothing at all (Quibell, 1907-1908, Vol. 3, inscriptions nos. 26, 36, 76; 1908- 1910, Vol. 4, …

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Pbow

PBOW History Pbow is the Coptic name of the second and most important monastery of Saint PACHOMIUS. For centuries the superior of the whole Pachomian congregation resided at Pbow. The site is now considered equivalent to the town of Faw al-Qibli (Faw of the South, in contrast with the neighboring village Faw al-Bahari, Faw of …

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Mummification

MUMMIFICATION There is evidence for mummification in Egypt from the beginning of historical times. Herodotus and Diodorus report on the different ways of mummifying. The practice arose from the idea that preservation of bodily integrity is the presupposition for life after death. This idea is evidently also the reason for statements in martyr legends of …

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Idfa

IDFA A city in the district of Suhaj. Called Iteb in the pharaonic period, and then in Hellenistic times Iton or Itos, Idfa is mentioned in the Christian period only in the summary that the recension of the SYNAXARION of the Copts from Upper Egypt devotes to the martyr hermits PANINE AND PANEU at 7 …

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Inscriptions

INSCRIPTIONS Writing on long-lasting materials. Inscriptions, like texts written on papyrus (see PAPYROLOGY), are important primary sources of information about a society. In Egypt they appear on stone, plaster, clay, wood, metal, and textiles. They may be scratched, carved, engraved, stamped, painted or inked, or woven. Those written on clay sherds or limestone fragments are …

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