Copto-Arabic Studies Bibliography

COPTO-ARABIC STUDIES BIBLIOGRAPHY General References (Referred to Below in Abbreviated Fashion) Atiya, Aziz Suryal, ed. The Coptic Encyclopedia, 8 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1991. A standard tool in English. (CE) Gibb, H. A. R. et al., eds. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed., 11 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1954-. Some articles are of importance to Copto-Arabic […]

Read More

Dictionaries

DICTIONARIES From the time when the Copts, like other nations or linguistic entities, felt the need to have at their disposal in writing the equivalents, exact or approximate, of the words of their language, attempts were made to compose modest lists of bilingual vocabulary; these may justly be considered the ancestors of modern Coptic dictionaries. […]

Read More

Spoken Coptic Language

SPOKEN COPTIC LANGUAGE Coptic was the spoken language of ancient Egypt until the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century. It was recorded first in the hieroglyphic (sacred) script, the earliest form of Egyptian pictorial writing, and succeeded by the hieratic (priestly), which was the simplified running script, and the demotic (from “demos,” meaning […]

Read More

Yuhanna, Bishop Of Samannud (?-After 1257)

YUHANNA, BISHOP OF SAMANNUD (?-after 1257) A Bishop, scholar of Coptic. Yuhanna, who was consecrated Bishop of Samannud by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq in 1235, is one of the pioneers of the scientific study of the Coptic language. He wrote a Bohairic-Arabic lexicon known as al-Sullam al-kana’isi (The Ecclesiastical Ladder), consisting of a list […]

Read More

Cosmas II (The Patriarch)

COSMAS II The fifty-fourth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (851-858). A native of Samannud, Cosmas joined Dayr Anba Magar as a deacon and then became a presbyter. He was still there when he was summoned by the bishops, the clergy, and the archons of the city of Alexandria to occupy the throne of […]

Read More

Cosmas I

COSMAS I The forty-fourth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (730-731) (feast day: 30 Ba’unah). He was a native of the town of Bana, near Samannud in the Gharbiyyah Province. Little is known about his secular life before he took the monastic vow in the wilderness of Anba Maqar. Cosmas had a monastic life […]

Read More

Al-Thiqa Ibn Al-Duhayri (?-After 1267)

AL-THIQA IBN AL-DUHAYRI (?-after 1267) A Scholar of Coptic. Whether or not al-Thiqa ibn al-Duhayri is the Ibn al-Duhayri who was consecrated Metropolitan of Damietta with the name Christodoulos by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq, he is remembered as a scholar who wrote a highly regarded Bohairic grammar, Muqaddimat al-Duhayri. Al-Thiqa sought to improve on […]

Read More

Ibn Katib Qaysar (?-After 1260)

IBN KATIB QAYSAR (?-after 1260) A Biblical and Coptic scholar. ‘Alam al-Ri’asa Abu Ishaq Ibrahim, known as Ibn Katib Qaysar (because his grandfather was secretary to the Emir ‘Alam al-Din Qaysar), was a contemporary and colleague of scholars such as al-Mu’taman ibn al-‘Assal. He is remembered in the first place for a Bohairic Coptic grammar […]

Read More

Dayr Apa Anub (Nub)

DAYR APA ANUB (Nub) A small monastery near Wadi al-Natrun whose precise date of establishment is not known. Evelyn-White (1932, p. 369) remarked that MAWHUB IBN MANSUR IBN MUFARRIJ, in his list of the relics venerated in Egypt in the History of the Patriarchs (written in 1088; Vol. 2, pt. 3, 1970), did not speak […]

Read More

Dayr Asfal Al-Ard

DAYR ASFAL AL-ARD The most detailed description of this convent near Alexandria is given by Abu al-Makarim (1984, pp. 161, 168). He indicates that this monastery was situated east of the town and bore the name of Saint Mark. It was extensive, surrounded by gardens and cultivated land, and had no fewer than four keeps. […]

Read More