Samalut

Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla

Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla The aim of this study is to correct the common notion that the architec­tural design of the typical Coptic Orthodox church either has a cruciform plan or is in the form of Noah’s Ark, which reflects a lack of awareness and lack of study …

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Coptic Hagiography

COPTIC HAGIOGRAPHY Egypt was influenced by the Greek culture, hence many of the hagiographical texts were written first in this language and translated later into Coptic. It is important to use the classical hagiographical tools such as Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis and the Bibliotheca Sanctorum (16 vols., Rome 1965-1976), in addition to the bibliography in each …

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Hermitage

HERMITAGE The lodging or dwelling house of a hermit, “one living in the desert,” or anchorite, “one living far removed.” They were probably at first only single-roomed huts that were built, according to geographical circumstances, of stone, wood, or bricks; but at an early time they had already developed into houses with several rooms. Early …

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Kom Namrud

KOM NAMRUD An early Christian anchorite settlement on the edge of the desert, northwest of Samalut, part of which has been uncovered by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization. As in Kellia, the hermitages consist of rectangular buildings situated well away from each other, with a walled courtyard and a small living area in one corner that …

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Kom Al-Rahib

KOM AL-RAHIB A village about 6 miles (10 km) northwest of SAMALUT. The ruins of a large monastery containing a garden of palm trees, a cistern, a church, and monks’ cells have been discovered there (Johnson, 1910-1911, p. 13). In the neighborhood, an ancient cemetery has yielded up a very fine funerary STELA (Arif, 1906, …

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