Saint JOHN CHRYSOSTOM

Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

Coptic Literature Read More »

Liturgical Insignia

LITURGICAL INSIGNIA Just as the crown and scepter are part of the regalia reflecting the majesty of a monarch, the liturgical insignia serve as emblems of the authority and dignity of the clergy during the celebration of the Divine Liturgy, reflecting the majesty of God. Pastoral Staff A pastoral staff is a long ornamental stick …

Liturgical Insignia Read More »

Lord’s Prayer

LORD’S PRAYER The model prayer taught by Jesus Christ to His disciples in Matthew 6:9-13 and in Luke 11:2-4, but in different contexts and in slightly differing words. In Matthew it follows an instruction on prayer in the Sermon on the Mount, and in Luke it is given by Christ to His disciples in answer …

Lord’s Prayer Read More »

Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

Copto-Arabic Synaxarion Read More »

Baptism

BAPTISM Origin, Features, and Administration of Baptism Baptism is the sacrament by which the recipient is regenerated through triple immersion in water in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, enters into union with Christ and the body of the church, and receives the gift of the Holy Spirit. Baptism is …

Baptism Read More »

Anamnesis

ANAMNESIS A word of Greek origin meaning remembrance, memorial, or commemoration, and as such part of the liturgy for the Eucharist. Greek versions of the scriptures use the word to translate various forms of the Hebrew root zkr, which in Arabic is pronounced dhikr. The text of the anamnesis reminds the faithful of the Lord’s …

Anamnesis Read More »

Anointing

ANOINTING The application or pouring of oil on a person or an object as a sacred rite, practiced from time immemorial by various peoples and in several religions. It is known in Arabic as mash. Judaism Anointing was common for both religious and mundane purposes, to consecrate certain persons or set particular things apart as …

Anointing Read More »

Raphael

RAPHAEL An archangel. The Hebrew word repha’el can mean “God has healed.” Latin authors such as Gregory the Great (Evangelia Homiliarum 34.9) interpreted the name as “medicine of God.” In a Coptic text (Kropp, 1930, Vol. 2, p. 165) it has the meaning of “cure.” The archangel Raphael appears for the first time in Tobit …

Raphael Read More »

Al-Safi Ibn Al-‘Assal

AL-SAFI IBN AL-‘ASSAL A member of the great Coptic family of the AWLAD AL-‘ASSAL, who played an important role in the intellectual renaissance of the Coptic church in the thirteenth century. His complete name was al-Safi Abu al-Fadail Majid. He is known by the name al-Safi. He was the brother of al-AS‘AD ABU AL-FARAJ HIBAT …

Al-Safi Ibn Al-‘Assal Read More »