Sa‘id IBN AL-BITRIQ

‘Isa Ibn Al-Bitriq

‘ISA IBN AL-BITRIQ A Christian physician of Old Cairo and the brother of Sa‘id IBN AL-BITRIQ the physician, patriarch, and historian, who dedicated to him his historical work Nazm al-Jawhar (Cheikho, 1909, p. 488). ‘Isa ibn al-Bitriq was knowledgeable in all branches of medicine, especially medicaments and treatment. He remained in Old Cairo until his …

‘Isa Ibn Al-Bitriq Read More »

Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE Coptic literature per se, a subject treated elsewhere, is confined to the writings in the Coptic language during the early centuries of medieval Egyptian history when that language was the spoken language of the people as well as their only written instrument. After the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century, the …

Copto-Arabic Literature Read More »

Book Of Epact

BOOK OF EPACT A treatise on the calculation of the date of Easter attributed to DEMETRIUS I, twelfth patriarch of Alexandria (189- 231). We shall examine the attribution in light of the historical, liturgical, and literary Arabic traditions of the Middle Ages. Historical Tradition The historian Sa‘id IBN AL-BITRIQ, Melchite patriarch of Alexandria (933-940), tells …

Book Of Epact Read More »

Patriarchal Election

PATRIARCHAL ELECTION The Coptic Orthodox church is an apostolic church, and its first patriarchs were selected from a limited number of priests of whom the first group of twelve were appointed to help ANIANUS (68-85), who succeeded Saint Mark as second bishop of Alexandria. According to Sa‘id IBN AL-BITRIQ, the tenth-century Melchite patriarch also known …

Patriarchal Election Read More »

Michael The Archangel, Saint

MICHAEL THE ARCHANGEL, SAINT In Coptic Christian tradition, Saint Michael the Archangel holds an important place, comparable to that of the Virgin Mary. Of the Eastern churches, only the Copts and the Ethiopians have developed devotion to the archangel to the same degree. Among the archangels, Michael is explicitly named in the Old Testament (Dn. …

Michael The Archangel, Saint Read More »

Abu Al-Fakhr Al-Masihi

ABU AL-FAKHR AL-MASIHI According to G. Graf (1947, pp. 435-36) author of the chronology for the oldest history of the Chronicon Orientale, suggesting that he lived at the latest before the end of the thirteenth century. He was born a Jew and became a Christian (al-Masihi). There exists an exchange of letters between him and …

Abu Al-Fakhr Al-Masihi Read More »