Royal Library

Cyprus

CYPRUS According to the traveler Iohann van Kootwyck, who visited Cyprus in 1598-1599, Copts, as well as other Oriental Christians, arrived there as fugitives after the capture of Jerusalem by Saladin in 1187. In 1342, the Spanish Dominican Alphonse Bonhome referred to an Arabic Life of St. Antony that he found at a Coptic monastery …

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Codex Alexandrinus

CODEX ALEXANDRINUS Of Egyptian origin, one of the oldest known Greek texts of the Bible on vellum, the others being the CODEX VATICANUS, the CODEX SINAITICUS, and the CODEX EPHRAEMI SYRI. Like them, it is written in simple but beautiful uncials; unlike them, it is slightly ornamented, with rubrications at the beginning of every book …

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Griffith, Francis Llewellyn

GRIFFITH, FRANCIS LLEWELLYN (1862-1934) A British Egyptologist. As longtime professor of Egyptology at Oxford University, he was a pioneer in the study of medieval Nubian archaeology and philology. Between 1910 and 1912 he directed the excavation of several churches and other Christian archaeological remains at Faras in Lower Nubia. At Faras and at ‘Abd al-Qadir …

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Papyrus Collections

PAPYRUS COLLECTIONS Since the seventeenth-century scholars and travelers to Egypt have brought manuscripts to Europe. The papyri, whether they came to light in spectacular finds or as individual discoveries, whether they were uncovered in scientific excavations or through the diggings of thieves, went into papyrus collections, either directly or through dealers (see PAPYRUS DISCOVERIES). Not …

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Abu Al-Muna

ABU AL-MUNA A deacon (1663-1679). In 1663, while in Cairo, Johann Michael VANSLEB had copied for the Royal Library in Paris the large anthology of the Coptic canonical collection compiled by the priest Marcarius, a monk of the monastery of Saint John Colobos (Graf, Vol. 1, pp. 560-63). This anthology was contained in two fine …

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