Romanus

Bawit in the Twenty-first Century: Bibliography 1997-2014

Bawit in the Twenty-first Century: Bibliography 1997-2014 Since the rediscovery of the Bawit monastery in 1900, numerous investigations have covered diverse fields of research. Marie-Helene Rutschowscaya established a bibliography of the main titles, following the chronological order of publication: Rutschowscaya, M.-H. 1995. “Le monastere de Baouit. Etat des publica­tions.” In C. Fluck, L. Langener, S. …

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Marriage

MARRIAGE Marriage is actually considered as one of the sacraments, a spiritual bond between a man and a woman, sanctified by the grace of the Holy Spirit, joining them into an indissoluble unit for the purpose of establishing a caring and harmonious Christian family. Despite that, we possess a large number of documents relating to …

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Saints Cosmas And Damian

SAINTS COSMAS AND DAMIAN Two doctors and brothers who suffered martyrdom at the time of the Diocletian persecutions (feast day: 22 Hatur). They were called anargyroi (silverless) because they did not ask money from the sick whom they cured. The Byzantine church, however, gradually came to distinguish three pairs of brothers named Cosmas and Damian, …

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Saint Victor Stratelates, Or Victor The General

SAINT VICTOR STRATELATES, or Victor the General [This son of the Roman governor Romanus miraculously survived death three times before being marytred during the persecution under Diocletian (feast day: 27 Baramudah)] COPTIC TRADITION About Victor Statelates we have four complete accounts and several that are incomplete. The martyrdom itself was published by E. Wallis Budge …

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Saint Archellides

SAINT ARCHELLIDES A Roman noble who became a monk in Palestine (feast day: 13 Tubah). The account of his life has been preserved in Sahidic in a complete codex (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M 579.1) and in various fragments from DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH (ed. Drescher, 1947), and is attributed to one Eusebius, a historiographer …

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Saint Apoli

SAINT APOLI The fourth-century martyr of Antiochian origin, who was put to death in Egypt (feast day: 1 Misrah). He appears only in the later hagiographic Coptic tradition. Of his Passion, ascribed to an eyewitness, the servant Sergius, two Bohairic fragmentary manuscripts are preserved. The first consists of four folios from Cairo (ed. Evelyn-White, 1926, …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Archelaus Of Neapolis

ARCHELAUS OF NEAPOLIS An imaginary figure invented by the Coptic authors of the period of the CYCLES. Various homilies are attributed to him. Information on his fictional personality can be drawn only from the content of his homilies, and his mention in the Coptic-Arabic SYNAXARION on 22 Kiyahk also derives from one of these. He …

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Saint Anatolius

SAINT ANATOLIUS A fourth-century martyr (feast day: 9 Tubah). He is one of the personages of the Basilidian cycle referred to in different texts in relationship with the more famous Theodore Anatolius. The most important part of his martyrdom is recorded in one incomplete codex (Balestri and Hyvernat, 1908); two fragments from Leipzig consist of …

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Monophysitism

MONOPHYSITISM The doctrine that the incarnate Christ is one Person and has one divine nature as opposed to the orthodox doctrine that he is one Person and has two natures, one human and one divine. The rift between the Monophysites, including the Coptic, Syrian, Ethiopian, and Armenian churches, and the Orthodox Church has divided Eastern …

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