Roman Catholic church

The Sacraments

The Sacraments The word sacrament historically was used for something sacred. The Latin term sacramentum was used to translate the New Testament word for mystery. In a broad sense all religious rites and ceremonies were called sacraments. In time, the term sacrament took on a more precise and narrow meaning. A sacrament became defined as …

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The Use of Scripture in Deciding Doctrinal Controversies

The Use of Scripture in Deciding Doctrinal Controversies It is a familiar assertion of the Roman Catholic Church that Holy Scripture is incapable of deciding doctrinal issues; hence for the establishment and preservation of unity in teaching the Church needs a visible head (caput visibile), a visible vicar of Christ (vicarium Christi), who will determine …

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The Original Text of Holy Scripture and the Translations

The Original Text of Holy Scripture and the Translations Since Scripture is intended for the use of all Christians, of whatever station, sex, age, etc. (Deut. 6:6–9; Joshua 1:8; Is. 34:16; Neh. 8:2–8; 2 Kings 23:1–2; Luke 16:29 ff.; John 5:39; 20:31; Acts 17:11: “They searched the Scriptures daily”; 2 Thess. 2:15; 1 John 1:4; …

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Anba Ruways (ABBASIYA)

Anba Ruways (ABBASIYA) THE MOST IMPORTANT CONTEMPORARY COPTIC CENTER in Egypt, known as Anba Ruways, is located on Ramses street in Abbasiya. It is a compound of buildings with an enclosure wall comprising the Cathedral of St. Mark and his shrine, the Church of Anba Ruways, the Coptic papal residence, the Clerical College, the Higher …

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Confirmation

CONFIRMATION The sacrament by which the newly baptized receives the grace of the Holy Spirit. Confirmation is a complement to the sacrament of baptism. Despite being complementary to baptism and following immediately after it, confirmation must be regarded as a distinct sacrament, with its own rites and prayers. In view of its intrinsic qualities, confirmation …

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Communion

COMMUNION The act of partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ. Communion is given many designations in the New Testament, such as “a new covenant” (Heb. 8:8-12), “eternal life” (Jn. 6:54), a “dwelling in Christ” (Jn. 5:56; 15:5-7), and a “sharing in the Body of Christ” (1 Cor. 10:16-17). In the early church, communion …

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Canonization

CANONIZATION The formal declaration of a deceased person’s sanctity, whereby his or her name is added to the roll of the saints of the church and commended for veneration by the faithful. The earliest persons to be canonized were the martyrs, who submitted to death for Christ, and the confessors, who avowed their faith in …

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Canonization

CANONIZATION Canonization is the formal declaration of a deceased person’s sanctity, whereby his or her name is added to the roll of the saints of the Church and commended for veneration by the faithful. In the Roman Catholic Church, the authority to canonize is the prerogative of the Pope of Rome, who follows a very …

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Canon Of The Scripture

CANON OF THE SCRIPTURE There are two basic uses of the word “canon.” The one refers to the shape of a limited body of literature held sacred by a believing community. The other refers to the function in such a community of texts and traditions held sacred by it. Traditional terms used to designate these …

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