Revealer

AARON

AARON By name Aaron is mentioned in the NT only by St. Luke (Lk 1:5, Ac 7:40) and by the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews (5:4; 7:11; 9:4), and in his personal history very little interest is taken. Officially, he was represented to be the first of a long line of high priests, …

AARON Read More »

Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

Gnosticism In Egypt Read More »

Hypsiphrone (NHC XI, 4)

HYPSIPHRONE (NHC XI, 4) A Gnostic revelation partially preserved in six fragments of the heavily damaged codex. Its title (partially preserved) occurs at the beginning. The opening passage indicates that the text contains a first-person report of a feminine revealer called Hypsiphrone (“high-minded”). Known only in this poorly preserved Coptic version, Hypsiphrone was originally composed …

Hypsiphrone (NHC XI, 4) Read More »

Thunder: Perfect Mind (NHC VI, 2)

THUNDER: PERFECT MIND (NHC VI, 2) A Gnostic revelation monologue pronounced by a feminine revealer figure, featuring self-predications and exhortations addressed to her listeners. The title occurs at the beginning of the tractate (Greek bronte, “thunder,” is a feminine noun, probably here identifying the speaker as a voice of divine thunder). The speaker’s self-predications are …

Thunder: Perfect Mind (NHC VI, 2) Read More »

Ophites

OPHITES Gnostic heretics so designated by patristic heresiologists on the basis of the role played by the serpent of Genesis 3 (Greek ophis) in their mythology. In these accounts, the serpent is praised as the revealer of gnosis (knowledge) to Adam and Eve, and is equated by some with Jesus Christ. The pagan writer Celsus …

Ophites Read More »

Sethians

SETHIANS Gnostic heretics so designated by patristic heresiologists. According to some accounts, they had an elaborate myth in which Seth, son of Adam, played a prominent role as revealer of gnosis and was equated by some with Jesus Christ. In this system, Gnostics are referred to as the “seed” or “race” of Seth. Several of …

Sethians Read More »