RENÉ-GEORGES COQUIN

Canons Of Epiphanius

CANONS OF EPIPHANIUS A set of canons prescribing moral rules concerning the clergy and the laity, promulgated by the emperor JUSTINIAN at the instigation of the patriarch of Constantinople. The Epiphanius under whose name these canons are placed is not, as one might be tempted to think, the famous bishop of Salamis in the fourth …

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Canons Of Clement

CANONS OF CLEMENT Or “Letter of Peter to Clement.” Under one or the other of these titles, there is current among the Copts, as among the Melchites, an apocryphon containing alleged revelations of Jesus, given on the Mount of Olives before his ascension, concerning the moral life of his community and various ritual prescriptions. The …

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Apostolic Canons

APOSTOLIC CANONS A series of eighty-four or eighty-five canons that in Greek form the concluding chapter (47) of Book 8 of the Apostolic Constitutions (Funk, 1905, Vol. 1, pp. 564-94). The Sahidic Coptic version counts seventy-one canons, the Arabic series (Book 2 of the 127 Canons of the Apostles) fifty-six only, the same as the …

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Canon Law

CANON LAW Codified law governing a church. The Coptic church has no codex juris canonici, as the Roman church does, but it has remained closer to its sources, which it has grouped in chronological or systematic collections. From the Coptic period, the church of Egypt was concerned with Coptic translation of the sources of church …

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Siwa (Western Desert)

SIWA (Western Desert) An oasis about 190 miles (300 km) from Marsa Matruh, to the west of Alexandria, the most westerly of the Egyptian oases and the most easterly point at which people still speak a Berber dialect. C. Belgrave states that at Balad al-Rumi, near Khamisah, he saw Christian ruins with a Coptic cross …

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Saint Claudius

SAINT CLAUDIUS This anchorite saint (feast day, 19 Amshir) is known from various documents: (1) the typica of Dayr Anba Shinudah, known as the White Monastery (Insinger, 38c-d, Pleyte and Boeser, 1897, p. 199; Oxford, Bodleian Hunt. 3); (2) a colophon (National Library, Paris, Coptic 129/19, fol. 55v, published by Van Lantschoot, 1929, no. 81), …

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Saint Copres

SAINT COPRES A monk and martyr. The Greek Synaxarion gives information at two dates about a martyr-monk by the name of Copres, who is named with another monk and a soldier called Alexander. It is not said where they at first led the ascetic life, and H. Delehaye, in “Les Martyrs d’Egypte” (1922, esp. p. …

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Saint Sarapamon Of Scetis

SAINT SARAPAMON OF SCETIS An ascetic who was hegumenos of SCETIS (feast day: 5 Baramhat). All that we know of him is supplied by the notice in the SYNAXARION from Lower Egypt. The passage offers no means of learning, even approximately, when this saint lived. However, since the Synaxarion mentions Saint BARSUM THE NAKED, who …

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