Red Sea

Muhammad ‘Ali Dynasty

MUHAMMAD ‘ALI DYNASTY A family that ruled Egypt for about a century and a half (1805-1952). The following is a brief survey of the line of succession, with particular reference to the role played by the Copts during the time of each ruler. Dates refer to the years of their accession and demise or abdication. …

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Coptic Missionaries In India

COPTIC MISSIONARIES IN INDIA The story of the first Christian missionaries in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent is associated with the apostle Thomas. According to the apocryphal Acts of Thomas (Judas-Thomas in the Syriac version), written by Bardesanes, a famous author in Edessa, Syria, in the late second or early third century, Gondophernes, …

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Nabis

NABIS A fourth-fifth-century bishop of ‘Aydhab. The commemoration of Bishop Nabis in the Arabic Synaxarion of the Copts on 22 Kiyahk provides the only piece of evidence of an episcopate situated on the coast of the Red Sea. This Arabic text bears all the indications of a translation from the Coptic. The “scala copte 44” …

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John VI

JOHN VI Saint and seventy-fourth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1189-1216). John VI proved to be one of the most significant personalities to occupy the throne of Saint Mark since the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT. He was a layman by the name of Abu al- Majd ibn Abi Ghalib ibn Sawirus, and his …

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John XII

JOHN XII The ninety-third patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1479-1482). John acceded to the throne of Saint Mark after an interregnum of about two years, during which the bishops, the clergy, and the archons could not settle on a suitable candidate for this high ecclesiastical office. John was a native of the city …

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John XV

JOHN XV A inety-ninth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1619-1634). John was a native of the city of Mallawi in Upper Egypt. He was probably selected from the ancient Monastery of Saint Antony (DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS) in the Eastern Desert by the Red Sea. He was a contemporary of three Ottoman sultans, ‘Uthman …

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