RANDALL STEWART

Samannud

SAMANNUD A city in the middle of the Egyptian Delta some 5 miles (8 km) east of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province. Greek documents give the name of the city as Sebennytos and in Coptic it was known as jemnou] (Djemnouti). Sebennytos/Samannud has a very old Christian tradition. ATHANASIUS I reported that the city …

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Shanasha

SHANASHA A town in the Delta province of Daqahliyyah. PSHOI OF SCETIS was born in Shanasha in the second half of the fourth century. The place was a bishopric from the middle of the thirteenth century at the latest until at least the beginning of the fourteenth century. The patriarch GABRIEL III (1268-1271) ordained a …

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Ashmun Tanah

ASHMUN TANAH The ancient name of an Egyptian town now known as Ashmun al-Rumman in the province of Daqahliyyah. It is located in the eastern Delta in the district of Dikirnis, about 2.5 miles (4 km) east of Dikirnis and about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Dumyat (Damietta). In Coptic documents the name of …

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Ashmun

ASHMUN A city in the Nile Delta in the Minufiyyah Province 23 miles (about 37 km) northwest of Cairo. It appears in Coptic documents with the name [moumi (Gjmoumi). In older Arabic sources it is known as Ashmun al-Juraysat. In his encomium of MACROBIUS (who preceded him as bishop of NIKIOU) Bishop Mena of Nikiou …

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Armant

ARMANT History Armant is a city located in Upper Egypt on the west bank of the Nile about 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Luxor in the province of Qina. The city was known in Greek as Hermonthis. Coptic tradition dates the inception of Christianity in Hermonthis/Armant to the time of Jesus himself. The SYNAXARION …

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John Of Ephesus

JOHN OF EPHESUS A monophysite writer of a history of the church in the Syriac language. He was born around 516 in Amida in northern Mesopotamia. He lived until at least 585, the last observable date in his history. In 542 the emperor JUSTINIAN appointed John a missionary to Asia, Caria, Phrygia, and Lydia, where …

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Al-Khandaq

AL-KHANDAQ An ancient small village on the outskirts of Cairo northeast of the city. There is some uncertainty about its name. One possibility emerges when one extrapolates from three different accounts of the martyrdom of Saint APOLI. The end of the Coptic martyrdom indicates that a memorial church was to be built in which his …

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Khirbitah

KHIRBITAH A town located on the western edge of the Egyptian Delta about 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Kom Hamadah in the Beheirah Province. In Greek the town was known as Andropolis. Coptic sources from the pre-Arabic period do not mention Christians or churches in Khirbitah, but the fact that the town was a …

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Laqqanah

LAQQANAH A town located in the Egyptian Delta about 7 miles (11 km) east of Damanhur in the Beheirah Province. Laqqanah was a bishopric by 1145 when Bishop Ya‘qub al-Qari’ of the town was one of a number of men who attempted to make Yunis ibn Kadran patriarch. In 1257 Bishop John of Laqqanah was …

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Libanius (C. 314-395)

LIBANIUS (c. 314-395) An Antiochene sophist and rhetorician, and a champion of pagan classical literature. He was an admirer and supporter of the apostate emperor JULIAN, but he also numbered among his friends and students the Christians JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, BASIL THE GREAT, and THEODORUS OF MOPSUESTIA. As a young man Libanius spurned the teachers in …

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