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SUNBAT The modern name of a town in the Egyptian Delta known in Coptic as tacempo] (Tasempoti) and in Arabic as Sanbat, Sambutiyyah, or Sanmutiyyah. The town is located in the middle of the Delta in the province of Gharbiyyah about 12 miles (19 km) east of Tanta, halfway between Abusir Bana and Zifta. Tasempoti/Sunbat …

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SIBIRBAY A small village east of Tanta in the province of Gharbiyyah. Its Coptic name was ’emervei, Psemerphei, and in older Arabic sources the village was called Simirbayah. Sibirbay has an old church dedicated to the archangel Michael whose anniversary is celebrated by faithful pilgrims on 12 Ba’unah. BIBLIOGRAPHY Amélineau, E. La Géographie de l’Egypte …

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COLLUTHUS A schismatic presbyter in Alexandria during the episcopate of ALEXANDER (312-326), nineteenth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark. In 324 the council convened by Hosius to quell the growing Arian controversy deposed Colluthus for taking upon himself the episcopal function of conferring orders. Ancient sources indicate that Colluthus was not a supporter of …

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SHUTB A town situated on the west bank of the Nile about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Asyut in the province of the same name. In Coptic the town was known as Shotep. It was a bishopric by the end of the thirteenth century, as evidenced by the name of Yu’annis, bishop of Shutb …

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Constantine I (288?-337)

CONSTANTINE I (288?-337) The Roman emperor who allowed freedom of worship in the empire, thus ending the persecution of Christians. Flavius Valerius Constantinus (Constantine) was born to Constantius Chlorus and Helena. When his father was appointed Caesar in 293, Constantine was sent to the court of DIOCLETIAN, the senior emperor, where he later distinguished himself …

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Codex Justinianus

CODEX JUSTINIANUS Shortly after JUSTINIAN became emperor in 527, he began a major overhaul of the empire’s legal code. The first step in this process was the publication of the Codex Justinianus, a revision and expansion of Theodosian’s legal code. This volume was published on 7 April 529 by a commission under the direction of …

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ARCHON (from Greek ¥rcw, arkho, meaning to lead, rule, or be first), a lay member of the Coptic church who through long years of experience and dedication to the church has earned honored status as a leading member of the Coptic community. RANDALL STEWART Tags: System


TMUIS A city in the Eastern Delta, now known as Tall ‘Abd al-Salam. It lies southwest of the village of Timay in the province of Daqahliyyah approximately 12 miles (19 km) southeast of al- MANSURAH. Tmuis was one of the first Christian cities of Egypt. Ammonius was bishop of Tmuis before the middle of the …

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TIRSA A town in Egypt located in the vicinity of al-Minya. On 9 Kiyahk the SYNAXARION commemorates Saint PAMIN, who is said to have hailed from “Minyat al-Khasib, from the area of al- Ashmunayn, near Tirsa.” Inasmuch as Tirsa is given as a reference point for Minyat al-Khasib, it is reasonable to assume that in …

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TINNIS A city located on an island in the southeastern part of Lake Manzalah in the province of Daqahliyyah, the site of which is now known as Kom Tinnis. Tinnis was a bishopric at least as early as the first third of the fifth century as evidenced by the mention of Bishop Heracleides (Heraclius in …

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