Ramses III

Theban Hermitages

THEBAN HERMITAGES Many Christian sites on the left bank of the Nile opposite Luxor cannot be definitely labeled genuine monasteries, although the local inhabitants use the name dayr (monastery). What we know of these hermitages follows. In the Valley of the Kings, several celebrated tombs preserve vestiges of their occupation by hermits. We may cite …

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Dayr Al-Madinah

DAYR AL-MADINAH History This small monastery is situated on the left bank of the Nile, opposite Luxor. The area around the dayr is known as West Thebes. The monastery was installed in the ruins of a small temple of the Ptolemaic period dedicated to the goddess Hathor. It was given its name, Monastery of the …

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Madinat Habu

MADINAT HABU The great fortified mortuary temple of Ramses III. The Coptic settlement in the temple area of Madinat Habu is the simple continuation and the final stage of a civilian migration into the temple precincts that began as early as the Twenty-first Dynasty (from 1090 B.C.). At first, it was significantly limited only to …

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Memnonia

MEMNONIA The name presumably derived from Memnon, roughly designating the area where, to this day, the majestic statues of Memnon’s colossuses stand in the fields on the west bank of the Nile at Thebes. In other words, this is the village that arose from dynastic times around MADINAT HABU or the funerary temple of Ramses …

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