purgatory

Antuniyus Mulukhiyyah

ANTUNIYUS MULUKHIYYAH The eighteenth-century Coptic Catholic priest. Information about him comes from five Arabic manuscripts, three of which are at the Coptic Patriarchate of Cairo, and from a report made in Cairo on 4 October 1747 by the Franciscan priest Jacques de Kremsier, apostolic prefect of Egypt. According to a manuscript from Faytrun, his father’s …

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Paradise

PARADISE A term used in the Septuagint to describe the Garden of Eden and the abode of Adam and Eve (Gn. 2-3). It also occurs in Nehemiah 2:8, Ecclesiastes 2:5, and the Song of Solomon 4:13. In the New Testament, it occurs in Luke 23:43, 2 Corinthians 12:4, and the Revelation to John 2:7. In …

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Eschatology

ESCHATOLOGY The study of the last things, of the destiny of individual persons, and, more broadly, of society, of the world, and of the universe. In the culture of the pagan Greco-Roman world, concern with the destiny of the individual after death received comparatively little attention outside the mystery religions, but Hellenistic speculation on successive …

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Dead, Prayer For The

DEAD, PRAYER FOR THE The Coptic church, which believes in one final, decisive day of judgment, does not recognize the concepts of purgatory or of a particular judgment to each individual soul at its separation from the body at the time of death. This attitude is supported by Christ’s description of the second coming of …

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