Ptolemy II


Apocrypha n. Greek (ah-POCK-rih-fah) A group of 14 religious books that were originally included in the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Old testament. The writings are thought to have been translated by Jewish scholars at the request of Ptolemy II. These books, which the ancient rabbis referred to as sefarim hizonim (extraneous books), …

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ALEXANDRIA Founded in 331 b.c. by Alexander the Great at the western end of the Nile Delta. An Egyptian town, Rakote, already existed there on the shore and was a fishermen’s resort. From its very beginning, Alexandria developed rapidly into one of the world’s great cities. The city replaced Memphis as the capital of Egypt …

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