Prayer of Thanksgiving

Maundy Thursday

MAUNDY THURSDAY The hymn of Judas is sung in Greek in the Matins of the Maundy Thursday; according to Baumstark, this hymn may be dated to the sixth or seventh century. A manuscript from the John Rylands Library in Manchester contains a Prayer for the Basin “without sprinkling the lentils” (the interpretation of this phrase …

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Hegumenos Ordination

HEGUMENOS ORDINATION The hegumenos (hegomen or proto-priest) is ordained in the Coptic Church to serve the altar, and to instruct and admonish the congregation. The ordination begins after the Prayer of Reconciliation and before the Kiss of Peace, that is, prior to the anaphora. The candidate bends his knee and prostrates himself before the bishop, …

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Church Consecration

CHURCH CONSECRATION Consecration, in general, is an act by which a thing is separated from a common and profane to a sacred use. Church consecration is a rite performed by the bishop or the pope in order to implore God’s blessing on the new church. This rite occurs also in other Eastern and Latin churches. …

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Burial Rites

BURIAL RITES The Coptic Church inherited the ancient Egyptian mentality regarding burial rites and ceremonies for the dead, which played an important role in the life of the Coptic congregation. The time of dying is one of the common themes in Coptic hagiography. Epitaph inscriptions reflect the mentality of the Coptic Egyptian toward death. Even …

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Liturgy Of The Matins

LITURGY OF THE MATINS The Vespers and the Matins are called the “Offering of Incense” in the Coptic Church. They are very similar. They appeared under one section in the edited Euchologion. They begin with the Prayer of Thanksgiving, followed by a hymn called “The Verses of the Cymbals” (Arba‘ al-Naqus). The priest then prays …

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Nag Hammadi Codices

NAG HAMMADI CODICES A group of 12 papyrus codices plus eight leaves dating from the fourth century and inscribed in Coptic. The manuscripts were discovered in a buried storage jar by fellahin (farmers) in 1945 some 10 kilometers from Nag Hammadi, and are now housed in the Coptic Museum in Old Cairo. Publication of the …

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