Pococke

Coptological Studies

COPTOLOGICAL STUDIES Coptological studies may be divided into several periods. The oldest began in the first Christian centuries, when the Greek alphabet with the additional letters from demotic was used to elevate the spoken Egyptian language into a written language. This made it possible for many Egyptians to read the Old and New Testaments or …

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Sa‘Id Ibn Al-Bitriq

SA‘ID IBN AL-BITRIQ A Melchite patriarch of Alexandria, known in his ecclesiastical capacity as Eutychius. He was born in A.D. 877 in the old capital of Egypt, al-Fustat, was elected to the Melchite patriarchate in 933, and died in 940. His original vocation as a layman was the practice of medicine, in which he, in …

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Dayr Al-Maymun

DAYR AL-MAYMUN History It is known that Saint ANTONY at first lived near the Nile before going into isolation near the Red Sea. This place near the Nile was called Pispir or Tilodj (Palladius, 1898-1904, chap. 25). Thus, one finds: “When I arrived at his monastery which is near the river, at the place named …

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Dayr Al-Sab‘At Jibal

DAYR AL-SAB‘AT JIBAL [In two parts this entry discusses the history and description, as well as the architecture of Dayr al- Sab‘at Jibal.] History This monastery is in Wadi bir al-‘Ayn, southwest of AKHMIM. It is without doubt the one called Dayr Abu Halbanah by ABU SALIH THE ARMENIAN (1895, p. 243), for this author …

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Dayr Qubbat Al-Hawa

DAYR QUBBAT AL-HAWA History This Coptic monastery, today in ruins, took its name from the hill where a shaykh is buried, on the flanks of which are the tombs of the governors of Aswan during the New Kingdom, in particular those of Koui (Khui) and Kounes (Khune). These tombs seem to have been inhabited by …

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