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Platonism - Page 2 of 2 - Coptic Wiki



APOLOGIST One of a group of Christian writers who presented an apologia, or defense of the Christian faith, to the non-Christian world. In the New Testament, Luke through Acts provides such an apologia. However, in the second century, Christians were accused of various kinds of calumnies, and the Apologists attempted to vindicate Christians of false …

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Iamblichus (C. 250-325)

IAMBLICHUS (c. 250-325) Born in Chalcis in Coele-Syria, Iamblichus was a successor of Porphyry in the Neoplatonist tradition. Whereas Plotinus and Porphyry were skeptical and disapproved of magic, he is reported to have defended theurgy, as it was called. Tradition also includes his performing acts of levitation and conjuring spirits. Among his extant writings are …

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HYPOSTASIS A word destined to play a large and complicated part in Christian theology from the late third century on. It does not appear in classical Greek in a philosophical sense but became an important word in Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism. It could mean “that which underlies” (hence it can be used to mean “substance”) …

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Valentinian Exposition

VALENTINIAN EXPOSITION A Valentinian Exposition (Codex XV, tractate 2, of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY) presents itself as a document of revelation intended for a restricted elite: “I will speak my mystery to those who are mine and to those who will be mine.” This revelation concerns first of all the Father, then the Son, the …

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Teachings Of Silvanus

TEACHINGS OF SILVANUS The fourth of five works in the Nag Hammadi Codex VII (4:84.15-118.7), it was entered into the Coptic Museum at Old Cairo on 9 June 1952, was declared national property in 1956, and received inventory number 10546 in 1959. Its state of preservation is excellent, there being only small lacunae mostly at …

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ZOSTRIANUS Zostrianus is the major tractate (1) in Codex VIII of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY. The name is linked with the magical tradition of the famous Persian Zoroaster by means of a second colophon to the tractate (cf. Arnobius, 1871, I, 52). The work is likely to be the apocalypse of Zostrianus referred to by …

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Plotinus (205-270)

PLOTINUS (205-270) A philosopher and founder of Neoplatonism in Egypt. At the age of twenty-eight he became a pupil of Ammonius Saccas in Alexandria. In 242-243 he was a member of the emperor Gordianus III’s expedition to the East. From 245 until his final illness, he taught philosophy in Rome, where his circle of influence …

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Origen General History Origen (185-255) was one of the greatest Christians who ever lived, and certainly among the greatest of Egyptian Christians. Only ATHANASIUS can rival him in stature among the sons of Christian Egypt. He was born of Christian parents at Alexandria and probably died at Tyre. In 202 his father, Leonidas, was martyred …

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HYPATIA  Hypatia, a non-Christian philosopher in Alexandria (ca. 355–415), whose murder in 415 has been viewed as a watershed moment in the religious history of the city. Daughter of the mathematician Theon, she studied mathematics and philosophy and in the 380s succeeded her father as head of his school. Teaching in the Plotinian tradition of …

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