Platonism

Theology And Liturgy Bibliography

THEOLOGY AND LITURGY BIBLIOGRAPHY Abdallah, Alfonso. L’ordinamento Liturgico di Gabriele V-88 Patriarca Copto. Cairo: Ain Shams Press, 1962. ‘Abd al-Masih Salib al-Mas‘udi. Al-Khuulaji al-Muqaddas. Cairo: n.p., 1902. Alcock, Antony. The Life of Saint Samuel of Kalamun by Isaac the Presbyter. London: Aris & Philips, 1983. Allen, Pauline, and C. Datema. “Leontius presbyter of Constantinople.” Byzantina …

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Chaldaean Oracles

CHALDAEAN ORACLES A revelatory poem, written in Greek hexameter verse, composed or edited by a certain magician named Julianus, who lived during the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Its importance is twofold: it is the last major sacred book of pagan antiquity, and it had major influence on the development of Neoplatonism from Porphyry to Psellus. …

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Celsus

CELSUS An anti-Christian writer and Platonist philosopher whose Alethes Logos (True Discourse), written about 178, is the oldest surviving literary attack on Christianity. All that is known of its author is contained in ORIGEN’s reply, the eight books of Contra Celsum, written in Caesarea (Palestine) about 248. Celsus was most probably a Syrian, for he …

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Zostrianos (NHC VIII, 1)

ZOSTRIANOS (NHC VIII, 1) A lengthy Sethian Gnostic apocalypse (132 pages of the manuscript) reported in the first person in the name of the prophet, Zostrianos, associated in antiquity with Zarathustra (Zoroaster). The title occurs at the end, to which is added: “Oracles of Truth of Zostrianos, God of truth, Teachings of Zoroaster.” Unfortunately, Codex …

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Christology

CHRISTOLOGY The study of the person of Christ with special reference to the union of the divine and human natures in the one person. From the New Testament we know that the early Christians regarded Christ as both God and man, but it was the task of later Christology to express this coherently in precise …

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Allogenes (NHC XI, 3)

ALLOGENES (NHC XI, 3) A Sethian Gnostic revelation discourse in which a certain Allogenes transmits to his “son” Messos revelations received from a feminine deity called Youel, and then describes his ascent to heaven. Allogenes (“of another race”) is probably another name for Seth. The title is given at the end of the tractate. Heavily …

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Marsanes (NHC X, 1)

MARSANES (NHC X, 1) A Sethian Gnostic revelatory work written by, or in the name of, the Gnostic prophet Marsanes. Very poorly preserved, it is the only tractate in the codex, which is extremely fragmentary. The title is partially preserved on a fragment from the last page. Marsanes recounts an ascent to heaven and visions …

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Codex Bruce Untitled Text

CODEX BRUCE UNTITLED TEXT A Christian Gnostic treatise describing the unfolding of the transcendent world and the material creation. It is usually regarded as the latest extant treatise of Sethian Gnosticism. A divine being called Setheus plays a demiurgic role in the text, and references are made in it to two Gnostic prophets, Nicotheus, whose …

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