Pistis Sophia

The Monastery of Apollo at Bala’iza and Its Literary Texts

The Monastery of Apollo at Bala’iza and Its Literary Texts Dayr al-Bala’iza, situated at the edge of the desert on the west bank of the Nile some eighteen to nineteen kilometers south of Asyut, gained initial recognition among Coptic scholars through the large cache of manuscripts, both literary and documentary, discovered at the site during …

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Gnosticism Bibliography

GNOSTICISM BIBLIOGRAPHY Attridge, Harold W., ed. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Nag Hammadi Studies 22-23. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985. Bohlig, Alexander, and Frederik Wisse, eds. Nag Hammadi Codices III, 2 and IV, 2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit). Nag Hammadi Studie, 4. Leiden: E. …

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Books Of Jeu

BOOKS OF JEU Two Gnostic texts partially preserved in Coptic in the Bruce Codex. At the end of the first book is a title, “The Book of the Great Mystery-Message.” The current title, the Books of Jeu, was applied to the texts by Carl Schmidt, reflecting his view that they are “the two books of …

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Pistis Sophia

PISTIS SOPHIA A collection of Gnostic treatises contained in the Askew Codex, divided in the manuscript into four books. A title is found at the end of the second and the third books: “A Part of the Books of the Savior.” Inscribed by a later hand at the beginning of the second book is the …

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Schwartze, Moritz Gotthilf

SCHWARTZE, MORITZ GOTTHILF (1802-1848) A German Coptologist. He earned his doctorate at Halle in 1829 with “De Jove Ammone et Osiride.” In 1843 he published two works, the two-volume Das alte Ägypten and an edition of the Bohairic text of the Psalter (Psalterium). In 1845 he was named professor extraordinary of Coptic language and literature …

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Valentinian Exposition

VALENTINIAN EXPOSITION A Valentinian Exposition (Codex XV, tractate 2, of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY) presents itself as a document of revelation intended for a restricted elite: “I will speak my mystery to those who are mine and to those who will be mine.” This revelation concerns first of all the Father, then the Son, the …

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Apocryphal Literature

APOCRYPHAL LITERATURE Properly speaking, this consists of the so-called Old Testament pseudepigrapha. The Old Testament books called “apocryphal” by Protestants and “deuterocanonical” by Roman Catholics were until recently included in the biblical canon of the Coptic church. Only at the beginning of the twentieth century and by order of CYRIL V (1874-1927) were the following …

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Dialogue Of The Savior

DIALOGUE OF THE SAVIOR A Gnostic Christian dialogue known only from the Coptic (Sahidic) text found at Nag Hammadi in 1945. The title is indicated both at the beginning and at the end of the text. The fifth tractate in Codex 3 of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY, the Dialogue of the Savior survives in fragmentary …

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