pharaonic temple

Roman Army

ROMAN ARMY Roman troops were already present in Egypt when the country was still ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy XII Auletes, who had been driven from his throne by the Alexandrian opposition, would hardly have been able to reenter Egypt without the military aid of the Roman legate Aulus Gabinius (55 B.C.). Since that …

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Basilica

BASILICA A building type of classical and medieval architecture. The Non-Christian Basilica In ancient Rome the basilica was a covered, mostly rectangular, public building with entrances usually on the long sides (one of the few exceptions is the famous basilica at Pompei). Frequently, and especially in the older buildings, the outer walls are even opened …

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Ayn ‘Amur

AYN ‘AMUR On the ancient track between the oasis of Kharjah and that of Dakhlah farther to the west, at the summit of an ‘aqabah (a rough and difficult ascent) that opens on to the plateau dominating the Kharjah depression, are the ruins of a Roman fortress and a pharaonic temple. They seem to have …

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Abydos

ABYDOS   One of the most renowned sites in ancient Egypt. Situated on the left bank of the Nile about 7 miles (11 km) from the town of al-Balyana, it was reputed to be the repository of the head of Osiris. For this reason, it was much frequented as a place of pilgrimage, as is …

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