Manqabad (Ancient Mallidis)

MANQABAD (ancient Mallidis) A site of a complex of ruins dating from the late Roman period, the classification of which has not yet been ascertained with certainty. The building remains have definite Christian characteristics, so that the foundation of the buildings may be ascribed to the sixth century A.D. It remained in use until the …

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Nubian Christian Architecture

NUBIAN CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE According to the testimony of JOHN OF EPHESUS (507-586), Nubia was evangelized in the second quarter of the sixth century by Julian and Theodorus, bishop of Philae. Christianization quickly made great progress. From the end of the sixth century, the country may accordingly be considered as essentially Christian. A monumental Christian architecture …

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Octagon-Domed Church

OCTAGON-DOMED CHURCH A type of church building that first makes its appearance in the first half of the eleventh century. Outside of Egypt it is to be found in Greece, and from the twelfth century, in Islamic architecture. In this type of building the whole naos area is roofed over by a single dome, carried …

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NAQADAH Geography Although ample attestation exists to show that Naqadah was the seat of a bishop, it is not known when the city first became a bishopric. The SYNAXARION commemorates a Bishop Michael from Naqadah on 22 Baramhat, but it gives no indication when this bishop lived. The next bishop of Naqadah attested in extant …

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Naj Al-Hajar

NAJ AL-HAJAR Site on the east bank of the Nile about 10 miles (15 km) north of Aswan. A few years ago in the course of excavations carried out by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization in the area between the edge of the town and the bank of the Nile, ruins of a Roman camp were …

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Epiphany Tanks

EPIPHANY TANKS Relatively large basins, measuring 8¼ x 9¾ feet (2.4 x 3.0 m) in the church of Saint Mercurius at the monastery of DAYR ABU SAYFAYN and 5½ x 8½ feet (1.7 x 2.6 m) in the church of Saint Sergius. As a rule they are rectangular and may be 4½ feet (1.4 m) …

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Dayr Sim‘An

DAYR SIM‘AN An erroneous name, used mainly by Europeans for DAYR ANBA HADRA on the west bank at Aswan.   PETER GROSSMANN Tags: Places

Dayr Sitt Dimyanah

DAYR SITT DIMYANAH A monastery near Bilqas. History It is very probable that the Dayr Jimyanah (or Dimyanah) described by al-MAQRIZI (d. 1441) and the present Dayr Sitt Dimyanah (to the north of Bilqas) are one and the same place, as suggested by ‘ABD AL-MASIH SALIB AL-MAS‘UDI (1924, p.149). The orthography given by al-Maqrizi, Jimyanah, …

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